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ANT205 Lecture 4

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Carolan Wood

ANT205 LECTURE 4 LOCATING AND RECOVERING HUMAN REMAINS Planning – 3 approaches to locating human remains -remote sensing -taken at a distance eg. Plan or satellite -aerial photography -thermal imaging -geophysical methods -ground penetrating radar -metal detector -ground search -organized examination -systematic -advantage: easy to use, rapid coverage, portable, accurate (with trained people) -disadvantage: inexperienced can miss or destroy evidence Planning – resources -available expertise -available person power and equipment -secure scene -communication -documentation -search -time available for search, eg. Sunlight -trained cadaver dog teams Search area -keep out crowds (outer perimeter) -inner perimeter = search perimeter Ie. All the area to be searched rd -add 3 perimeter -burial/ site perimeter around body Brief volunteers in advance -what to wear -where to park -where bathrooms -what to bring -lunch, water, equipment -background information -what to look for -how to search Ground search – the team -search director -search line -always straight -maintain direction and pace -experts -investigating officer -ident officer How to search -arm’s length apart -lift leaf litter -move at pace of the slowest person -people on end flag extent of search lane -recorder documents everything Search patterns -line search (mostly) -interlocking line -grid -zone -spiral Search indicators- plants -first 6 months -low growth -dead plants due to damaged root -after 6 months: -high growth, succession -dominant species change -piles of brush Search indicators- soil -disturbed -less compact, easy to probe - disturbance >grave size eg. Soil pile alongside -mound of dirt -shatter of dirt -different soil type -soil compact site -oval-shaped depression (no coffin, body decompose, decrease in volume) Probes -after scene is searched -fest ground before probing scene, ie. Resistence -every 50 cm or so -slow walling pace Search indicators – animal activity -clawing at rocks, logs -digging in the ground - scattered bone, hair -scat Augmenting the ground search -scent dogs: -body odour -crushed vegetation -decomposition -cool, moist, slight breeze -first on scene -advantages: -quick -non-destructive -can work anywhere (even water) -no time
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