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Lecture

ANT 205 - October 7th, 2013.doc

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT205H5
Professor
Carolan Wood
Semester
Fall

Description
Is it Human? + Is it Significant Forensic Significance – if something is F.Significant it is important in a medical and legal context. Forensic Significance reduces police work and a lot of time and effort while also reducing the stress of families with missing relatives. Generally anything that is forensically significant tends to be human-remains or human skeletals but sometimes-animal remains can be found. How Important is it do see the difference between human and animal bone? - very important because a lot of remains can be animal or non human remains - knowing the difference helps with identification process of bone in forensic cases - knowing human skeletal bone in detail is important to show characteristics that are human and non human - taking a course in faunal archaeology can help in identifying a type of bone Animal VS Human Bone - Consider the size of a bone and see if a bone is in normal range of an adult sized bone - Child remains that are within normal ranges of a child bone, consider the epiphyses and see if the ends of the bone are unfused. - Animal bones that are most similar to humans are primates but that are most similar to humans in infancy. But the similarity of primates to humans decrease with age General Considerations - animal bones are generally more dense and heavier for their size - animal bones have well defined surfaces and edges. - Animal bones will have more angles and ridges Skulls - Humans have a large bulbous forehead where fragments of the skull are uniformly curved - Animal skulls on the other hand have flat fragments or sharply curved Ribs - Human ribs are very curved because we are flattened in a different way - Animal bones are generally curved at one end and one end only Bear Paws VS Human Hands • Bear paws without claws are very similar to human hands • Bear wrists are larger and more defined than of humans Pelvis • animal pelvis’ are narrow and long than in comparison to humans • Human pelvis’ are broad and short and usually support the weight of the upper body Femur • bear femurs are generally similar in size to humans but are slightly shorter where they are more robust and have no neck • Human femurs have a delicate and defined neck with a rounded head in comparison to a bear or animal femur Remember: not ALL human remains are forensically significant • Archaeological remains will not always be significant unless it has to do with vandalism or looting • Forensic Anthropologists job is to determine the nature of any remains F.Anthropologists or Archaeologists use 3 types of sources of evidence: Test Question – what are 3 types of evidence that F.Anthropologists or Archaeologists use? 1. Context – where are things found in relation to things like location, weather etc • archarological burial practices happen in southern, Ontario in bundle burials or ossuraries • It is vital to recognize archaeological burials quickly with mi
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