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Lecture 5

ANT208 Lecture 5.pdf

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Lisa Trentin

Lecture 5 May-22-13 1:13 PM Who is Native American? Stereotypes,Indian hobbyists, and self-representations What images of Native Americans exist and persist? • What is a wild west show? • What is Indianism (a.k.a. Indian hobbyist groups) • What are the images and discourses? ○ Methods:Content and discourse analysis Do representations and the consumption of Indianness through various forms and mediums lead to greater cultural understanding and tolerance, or perpetuate stereotypes?How? • Native Responses ○ Euro Disney performers ○ Film: Native Americans watch Russian powwow ○ Adrienne K. Native Appropriations blogger What images of Native Americans exist and persist? HISTORY OF WILD WEST SHOWS — 18-19thcenturies – larger context of performance and display Cities allowed non-Natives to learn about Natives Ex: Catlin travelling paintings and lecture (Native performers)in travels to teach people about the Natives, Paul Kane, world fairs — Wild West shows: a form of live exhibition/spectacleillustrating frontier life — Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show (William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody and Nate Salsbury) - 1883-1916 — Three decades and 2 continents — Sitting Bull and famous Natives  Known for participation in battles  A savvy businessman  A key componentin drawing audiences/ crowds Every show included at least one battle (between cowboysand indians) — Spectacular extravaganza – standard formula: BBHC, McCracken Library Performance Strategies and Authenticity SHOWS EMPHASIZED EDUCATIONAL VALUE AND AUTHENTICITY - Media: example, programs informativeand educational / anthropological like (bookletsup to 64 pgs long) - Real people: “...these noble red men are the genuine article.” Gazette, 1889 - Spectator position (Whissel 2002): performerswitnesses ○ To make sure spectator position is privileged, hired famous Indians and veteransof the US Calvary ○ Yet privileges white view of history - PictorialRealism (Whissel 2002): presents living pictures of cultures and events ◦ and world-as-exhibition model (Mitchell 1992) ◦ Examples: vignettes,reenactments,Indian village - A partial portrayal Content Analysis Discourse Analysis — Def’n: interpretation of text (message) by systematic —Def’n/Goal:Study of discursive practices to shed light and objectiveidentification of characteristicsof the on social interactions and power relationships message — Uncoverdiscourse (the whole discourse of imagery) — Goal: Deconstructthe content of the message to — Uncoverpower relations; hidden motivationsand — Goal: Deconstructthe content of the message to — Uncoverpower relations; hidden motivationsand reveal underlying meanings; interpretation of message influences; who says what and why Steps Steps — Collect, document,organize data; involves careful — Collect, document,organize data; involves careful coding and interpretation coding and interpretation — Examine ‘text’ for themes and patterns of meaning — Examine text for themes and patterns of meaning ◦ Can be applied to visual documentation — Knowledge of cultural, political, economiccontextof — Need criteria for coding (inclusive), unit size can vary production of text — Knowledge of historical context (help you understand
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