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lect 3 notes

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Gary Crawford

Lecture 3 Jan 21, 2014 • Headlines from the newspapers during the Fujimura scandal in the year 2000 • Why did a group of western archeologists had a suspicious attitude to the data presented by these professional team- the prof and his colleagues thought that it was too good to be true, the Japanese’ response: Well, you’re in Japan, it’s special • Well not that special • Fujimura didn’t get rich but he was doing okay, had a permanent job • Rules of hoaxes: • Give people what they want: because in general they don’t seem to be skeptical • Don’t be too successful, being overly, unbelievably successful can reveal their deception • Learn from your mistakes, hoaxers learn from the mistakes made the hoaxers before them and alter their work accordingly • Why wasn’t fujimura’s discovered earlier? • There is a structure to the way these activities take place in japan • A kinship group to which you belong if you go to a particular school of thought, university, etc. • Same goes for students under a leader, a professor • Prof. Kajiwara was the academic leader of the group to which fujimura belonged • Eventually due to the strong relationships, fujimura moved from the outside of the circle to the inner circle, got a job with them • Within your group, you tend not be critical of each other • However you do criticize the other groups distinct from you • The social context of research is very critical • In Japanese system, it is considered offensive to criticize people’s from one’s group, example students criticizing their teacher isn’t considered ideal, a lot of weight put on respecting the people who are working • If the scientists are objective, it is an idea, very difficult to be true in reality, the social and cultural context makes it hard to be true • Prof Takamiya • In Japan, it is typical to publish findings in the newspapers before examining them by Palaeolithic specialist and officially reporting them(they can become media stars, darlings, people worship these stars) • Finding the “older” artifacts was considered a great discovery, competition between China and Japan • The artifacts were not as old, from 1000-10000 • Fujimura’s famous video was withdrawn, erased. For the Japanese it is considered really quite embarrassing • Given the sense that nothing can be erased from the internet, the prof thinks it still somewhere out there • Japanese archaeologists don’t generally use scientific method, it is considered to be a part of history so scientific method isn’t really, consciously used • Lack of objecti
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