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ANT313 (Nov 20) - Kofun & Ainu.docx

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Gary Crawford

ANT313 - Yellow Sea Interaction Sphere - Secondary state formation o Arise in situations of contact with already extant and operating states o Ready-made models  Did the Japanese borrow the ideas from outside? Or was it indigenous  Likely from political people who came in who were savvy o Not mere extensions and not direct copies o Strongest states developed where the least contact with the Chinese dynastic “court”  By 7 century, getting stronger o Organizations variable - Kofun Period (protohistoric) o Strong centralized government emerged on Yamato Plain (assumed location of Yamatai described by Chinese o How far it extended is not understood – possibly limited to one small region - Japan chronology o Kofun period: Miwa  Kawachi  Asuka - Incipient states o Key relationships were between Korea and Japan, not with China o Interactions between Korean and Japanese interstates - What are Kofun? o New burial type suddenly appears:  Conical tombs succeeded by keyhole types  Possibly at gateways to natural mountain routes  Haniwa (doll-like things) - Keyhole “kofun” o Protected by the emperor because believed to be an ancestor of the emperor - Kofun construction - Haniwa musician - Haniwa warrior o Yamato warriors o Secular standing armies - Horserider theory o Coming in from China and going into Korea? th - Iron horse armour from tomb at podchon-dong, Pusan. Kaya, 5 century AD o When did it get to Japan and what influence does it have? th - Late 6 century, end of Kofun - Artifacts found from noble tombs in Japan o The horse chronology is late, doesn’t appear in early Kofun o Role of horses can be looked into - Earliest keyhole shape tombs o Are centralized folks making the surrounding regions build tombs? Or are those people traveling out related? - Kofun rectangular tombs - Small burial mound tombs o For regular folks o Mound building still goes on - Kofun period cranium with red ochre - Tomb lengths o One tomb that’s massive o Group of them that are fairly large o Another segment where there’s smaller ones o Indicate society is stratified - Life of the commoners: Hiraide site o Most of what we know pertains to the list of the aristocracy o The village has:  Haji pottery  Ceremonial pottery: glazed and Sue  Kofun burial nearby  Wet and dry agriculture - Kofun period house, central Honshu (Tokyo: Uenodai site) o Yayoi peasantry hasn’t changed all that much - Plain ware (Haji) pottery - Sueki – wheel turn pottery o Craft specialization - Koto (stringed musical instrument) - Elite identification o Symbolic materials: luxury, exotic goods  Key hole shape tombs 
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