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ANT313 (Nov 13) - Japan Yayoi.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Gary Crawford

ANT313 - Mumun House (Seoul) o Mumun can give insights what it means to be Japanese or Korean - Detail of two areas at the Daepyeong – elite precincts o Linked by interest groups, economic groups, etc; - Burials and ideation o Domon tombs? o Burial under these huge stones o Representations carved on megalithic burial capstones - Japan: The Yayoi o Thought to be a evolution from the Jomon; their difference in diet because of adoption of rice production o Yayoi is a name of a neighbourhood near Tokyo - Yayoi Chronology Map o Slope of development shows that development in Korea and Japan can’t happen without development in China o What are the circumstances that initiated these developments? o Connection between the three nations even though because of nationalism, the countries tend to think that they’re independent - Readings o Descriptive for Imamura and Kanaseki paper - Issues o Secondary origins  Agriculture and social complexity do not seem to be have developed in an indigenous context o Definition of Yayoi o Conditions for beginning Yayoi o Chronology (big issue) o Pace of change  How fast did it take place o Jomon-Yayoi interaction  Were there interactions between indigenous people?  Yayoi was first and then it spreads to the rest of Japan? o Technologies o Economic basis o Rice paddy significance o Main crops o Social organization o Relationship to Korean events o Migration debate - Population density o Final Jomon  SW Japan population density was really low, most are living in the North East (80%) o Yayoi  Their density is highest in South Western Japan and fewer in the NE o Quite the opposite between Jomon and Yayoi in terms of population density o Why?  Immigration of people  Exhaustion of resources  The environment for growing rice - Dating the beginning of the Yayoi o Cross dating with mainland using appearance of iron and Chinese artifacts o Very few radiocarbon dates (see Imamura’s comments on p.127); Yayoi has absolute dates  Imamura starts 400 BC  Kanaseki and Sahara (1978): 200 BC  New chronology: 800BC or earlier - Japan chronology (traditional view) o Yayoi starting from 400 BC and then spreads up - Japan chronology (new view) o Yayoi starting in 800 BC and now there’s some problems in some holes of the chronology because everything is related - New Yayoi chronology o Initial 1000-750 BC o Early 750—450 BC o Middle 450 BC – AD 1 o Late AD 1-250
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