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ANT313 (Sept 27, 2012) - China Early Holocene.doc

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Gary Crawford

ANT313 - Soybean o Important food for domesticated animals - Distribution map o Soy beans mostly found in China (blue dots) o Found some soybean in 1000BC Korea (red dots) o Started scouring in east Asia and found some in Japan too (green dots)  Found some strange bean and did extraction of DNA - Size measurement summary of soy beans o The red ellipse represents the wild soy means o Early Neolithic is statistically the same o Yangshao ellipse shows smaller size soybeans  Why are people selecting these small bean pods? o Late Neolithic China, shows the bigger ellipse and there’s some selection taking place o Red dots showing Japanese soy beans and their sizes are huge and it dates back as far the Chinese stuff; so was the Korean stuff - Origin: old idea o Zhou dynasty lineage received soybeans in the northeast (story) o Three separate domestication of soybeans o Zhou may have been using the beans for bean sprouts which comes from smaller bean pods - Central China - Wild rice distribution o Ancient rice distribution seems to be in the north (near Beijing) - Neolithic sites: early rice o All south of Shanghai - Xiaohuangshan pottery o Red paint - Shangshan rice remains o Nearly all the rice remains are coming from inside the
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