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Lecture

Lecture 1 - Phylogeny and General Primate Traits

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT332H5
Professor
Sherry Fukuzawa
Semester
Fall

Description
ANT332 Human Origins 1Lecture 1 Phylogeny and General Primate Traits PaleoanthropologyPaleoanthropologyStudy of all aspects of human evolutionBranch of anthropology that investigates the biological and geological background of human evolutionComparing the anatomy of dead or living primates and doing an analysis based on theirbehaivour and function What does it mean to be human Humans in Comparison to Other PrimatesoForamen magnumforward oSpine is S shapedoPelvisbasin shapedoLower limbs elongatedoThigh bone angled inwardoStructural changes in footDental reductionFlat face protruding noseReproductive changesSocial developmentBipedal locomotionHow do you Study Primate Evolution1Comparing anatomy of all the living species of primes2Genetic evidence3Fossil evidence including taphonomyoTaphonomy is the biological processes that occur after death living anatomy into fossil anatomy 4Paleoenvironments geology dating methods5Behaviour and archaeology 2 Schools of Thought in PaleoanthropologyEvolutionary SystematicsoTraditionaloTaxonomyoLinnaean System oForm and functionoPhylogenetic systematicsoCladisticsWhen we look at phylogeny we are trying to decipher evolutionary relationships Phylogeny is the systematic examination of evolutionary relationships ancestordescendent relationshipsoEvolutionary relationships Phylogenetic Reconstruction Evolutionary Tree
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