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Lecture 10

ANT334 Lecture 10.docx

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Susan K Pfeiffer

ANT334 Lecture 10 – Paleopathology  The study of morbidity and mortality in the past Important Population Indicators  Dental caries, abscesses, and tooth loss  Dental Hypoplasia  Skeletal robusticity  Degenerative joint disease  Porotic hyperostosis o Dipolic (cortical-spongy-cortical) bone of skull – spondy bone on inside becomes thicker, entire skull thickens  Cribra orbitalia  Traumatic injuries Osteoarthritis  Changes in bone associated with breakdown of synovial joint  Eburnation – worn, polished ivory-like appearance of bone resulting from exposure and wear of adjacent subchondral bone at a joint Musculo-skeletal markers  Markers of stress at tendon and ligament insertions indicate movement using specific muscles or groups of muscles  Enthesiopathies: tendon and ligament sites  Osteophytes: joints margin sites – not just synovial  Cortical excavations at tendon & ligament sites Concerns about extrapolations  Age, hormonal, and genetic factors, dietary variables, diseases, and activity  Seven sites in the upper limb bones: age is the best overall predictor of aggregate muscle markers  DISH: Diffuse idiopathic (diffusion of the spine) skeletal hyperostosis o Common today Infectious Diseases  Staphylococcus aureus o Osteomyelitis – mostly staphylococcus aureus o Involucrum – sheath of “dead” bone
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