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ANT 363 - July 15th, 2013 - .doc

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Victor Barac

Topic // Ritual Magic Magic can be broken down into 3 sub areas: Sympathetic Magic>Homeopathic Magic Sympathetic Magic>Contagious Magic Magic has to do with manipulating things. Ex – sticking a pin in a voodoo doll and that the doll represents the person that will be inflicted with pain. Homeopathic Magic // being governed by the law of similarity, also known as similar magic Ex – you know what the expected outcome of magic trick is so therefore you make it happen. Contagious Magic // Influence and magic and power that can be passed to others and objects through something that was once connected. Ex – charms, jewelery, sacred cities, wearing lucky socks to a game Trobriand fishing magic –fishing magic that took place in the Caribbean. Malinowski noticed that fisherman who fished in the lagoon didn’t use or rely on magic. The Ghost Dance – a magical-ritual performed by the Soo Indian in the Great Plains of the US. They believed that the only way to revive their dying culture was to revive OLD ritual practices which centred around the Ghost Dance, it spread from tribe to tribe. Many people were living in anxiety so they resorted to this dance. James Frazer // • Wrote the Golden Bough • He believed that Magic, Religion and Science were modes of intellectual inquiry. They all were attempts at understanding the natural world. Stark claimed that science was rooted in RELIGION. Emile Durkheim // claimed that RELIGION was about society. Religion was a sacred domain from the profane. Also claimed that: * Religion as a symbolic representation of society • Religion binds individuals to society through shared ritual & symbol • Religion functions to maintain the social order Arnold Van Gennep // he was more sophisticated in terms of his ideas about Religion, his ideas are the basis of contemporary thinking on ritual. He was interested in the process of socialization. HE was interested in how changes in social status were marked. • He wrote “Les Rites de Passage (1908) • He broke ritual into 3 processes: Separation, Liminality – the period of isolation and magical instruction. Where cognitive dissonance can occur and contradictory thoughts can happen. Incorporation – a type of rebirth. This increases group affiliation and group conformity. Different Types of Rituals 1. Calendric Rituals // for everyone, socially unifying practices, the link communities together, one of the principles of social organizations. Often based on celestial bodes like the sun, the moon, the stars. 2. Rites of Passage // Naming, Puberty, Graduation, Marriage, Retirement, Death. These are rituals that are based on no pre defined date as they are irregular but are dependent on growing. 3. Collective Rituals // Puberty Ceremonies classicaly use Ardnold Van Gennep’s ritual process of Separation, Liminality and Incorporation. 4. Rites of Passage// Successions. Examples – the crowning of the new Pope or the new King or Queen. The Inauguration of the new President. Ritual Symbols can include: the cross, the bible, rings, crown, birthday cake. The symbols are catalysts for thought and action. Ritual symbols are pneumonic devices to remind us of when certain events happened. Paleolithic Ritual // some of the earliest rituals known to date which include cave paintings found in Spain, France and Africa. These paintings po
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