BIO152H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Blue Jay, Monarch Butterfly, Learning

89 views4 pages
23 Nov 2016

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Evolution and behaviour:
o Modification of behaviour by experience
o Most behaviour involves an interaction between inheritance and learning
o Occurs when behaviour changes in response to specific life experiences
o Is important in species that have large brains and complex social interactions
o For the species, above, FAPs are relatively rare; each individual is capable of a
wide range of behaviour
o Animals learn from interactions they have with other organisms and their
o Associative learning:
o Ex: Blue jay having ingested and vomited monarch butterfly, blue jay has learned
to avoid it
o Classical conditioning: individuals are trained b experience to give same
response to more than one stimulus
o E: Pavlov’s dog
o Operant conditioning: A learning process in which consequences which follow a
response determine whether the behaviour will be repeated. Behaviour has
been reinforced an likely will be repeated
o Learned irrelevance: occurs when an animal learns to ignore the cue
Can animals think?
o Cognition: recognition and manipulation of facts about the world and the ability
to form concepts and insights (Darwin: all animals face the same challenges of
life and require problem solving and categorizing abilities)
o Ex: animals using tools to solve problems (New Caledonian crows make and use
several types of tools)
o Social learning: A young chimpanzee learning to crack oil palm nuts by observing
an experienced elder
What is the adaptive significance of learning?
find more resources at
find more resources at
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class