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Lecture

Lecture #2 Notes

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Department
Biology
Course Code
BIO205H5
Professor
Maria Arts

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Lecture 2
Slide 4: Behaviour
Narrow Definition:
Response to a stimulus
Stimulus may be another animal or some aspect of the environment
Broad Definition:
decisions made by organisms
Slide 5: Behaviour
Mates
Offspring
Members of the same species
Members of different species
Food sources; predators, prey
Slide 3: Why do animals behave in certain ways? Behaviours have costs and benefits
Trade Offs:
Resources have to be divided between survival and reproduction
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Cost-benefit analysis:
Benefits: net gain in energy, increase in reproduction success
Costs: injury, shortage of shelter, parasites, capture by predator
Slide 5: Explaining behaviour
Females picking males from different packs = direct fitness benefit to female because if the males
do not know, they will not kill the youngsters from the adjacent pack?
Promiscuity
Slide 6: Territorial defence
good food sources
materials
mates
a territory in a good location means you are going to do well
humming birds defend territories with a constant number of flowers ( optimal)
Slide 2: Territorial Defence
Costs:
time, energy, risk of injury
increase with territory size
Benefits
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Description
Lecture 2 Slide 4: Behaviour Narrow Definition: Response to a stimulus Stimulus may be another animal or some aspect of the environment Broad Definition: decisions made by organisms Slide 5: Behaviour Mates Offspring Members of the same species Members of different species Food sources; predators, prey Slide 3: Why do animals behave in certain ways? Behaviours have costs and benefits Trade Offs: Resources have to be divided between survival and reproduction www.notesolution.com
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