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CLA201 Lecture 1.pdf

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Lisa Trentin

Lecture 1 May-06-13 10:21 AM Check out: - Departmentof Historical Studies - Resource links - Historical Studies Society (HSS) - Facebook - UTM Mobile - Twitter What? How does it function? Why? Prefix - frequently attached to bases - an affix (the smallest grammatical unit in a language) which is placed before the root of a word - also called preformative,because it alters/modifiesthe form and meaning of the words to which it is affixed Base - may be preceded by more than one prefix Suffix - also sometimescalled a postfix or ending - is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word - Is called an afformative,as they can alter the form and meaning of the words to which they are fixed Classics - The study of the language of the Greeks and the Romans - A discipline in the Humanities which investigates the language, literature, philosophy, history and art of the ancient Mediterraneanworld, primarily Greece and Italy ○ Initially the study of the classics was based largely on language and literature Classicsand the Sciences - Hippocrates - "father of Western medicine" - Hippocratic Corpus - swear to God to practice medicine honestly - The Hippocratic oath ○ Taken by physicians and other healthcare professionals swearing to practice medicine honestly, still endures today (albeit in modified and modernized form) - Greek/ Roman gods of health: Asclepius - god of medicine and health; Hygieia - goddess of health, cleanliness and sanitation A base with hyphen (GE-) means earth/ has to do something with earth (-ge-)Around the earth Scientific Terminology - Scientific vocabulary is based on combinationsof prefixes, stems and suffixes of Greek and Latin origin - "All learning of science based on education in vocabulary.." Greek, Latin Language and Science New words were created based on the "pool" of Greek and Latin prefixes, stems, and suffixes ○ By learning these, you are able to recreate words Homo (man) Sapien (wise) - what separates us from animals is that we are intellectual Etymology - the study of history of words, their origins, and how their form and meaning have changed over time - One of the earliest etymologicaltexts of the Classical period is the Socratic dialogue Cratylus (c. 360 BCE) by Plato (a philosopher) The process by which Western world uses Latinized words Know the greek letters and english equivalent Parts of Speech 1. Noun 2. Pronoun - replaces a noun 3. Verb - p
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