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Lecture

Lec 9.pdf

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Department
Classics
Course
CLA204H5
Professor
Daniel Thornton
Semester
Summer

Description
Lec9 Tuesday,August 02, 2011 6:10PM - AreaofGreece:Thebes:richofmyths Thebes - EnjoyedbrieftimeofpowerbutmythictraditionsarefarmoregenuinethenAthenianandaretraced backto Mycenaeanperiod - TwomythsfromFusciaand Thebes 1) Dragon opposingCadmus 2) Abouttwinsandismorefolktaletype Cadmus - Senttofindsisterandtoldnotto come back tillherfindsherandhegivesup - Loseshispath(metaphorically) ○ GoestoDelphiandistoldto giveupon that questand beacultureheroinstead ○ Toldtofollowacow andwhereshelays,buildatownthere ○ Boeotia=cow place,Bosmeanscow ○ DecidestosacrificecowtoAthenaandhesetsout hismenand theyfindaspringandturns outit wasbelongedtoAres ○ SpringguardedbydragonandkilledthembuthenCadmuskilledthedragonandAthentoldhim totaketheteethofthe dragonand sewintoground ○ Spartoicreatedandtheydidn'tlikeCadmusverymuch(thoughhe'stheircreator)sohethrewa stoneatthemand theykeptarguingamongstthemselvestofindoutwhothrewthestoneand eventually5leftandpledgeselftoCadmus ○ Cadmeia(?) - Committedhubris:thoughhefollowedAthena'sinstructions,killedAres'dragon ○ MadeCadmusdo penancefor8yearsand Areseventuallyrewardshimbygivinghimspouse: Hamonia(daughterofAresandAphrodite) ○ Weddingimportantcuzallthegodswerethereandshewasgivengifts  Oneofthegiftsisprettyneutral:peplos(sacredrobe)  NecklacegivenbyAthenabutwasmadebyAphroditeorHephaestosandwastobeaplague forit'spossessor □ AphroditeissupposedtobewithHephaestosbutHarmoniaisAres'daughter ○ Haveafamily:Polydoros,Agave,Autonē,Ino,Semele  CadmusandHarmoniadecidethattheirfamilyhadalot ofstuffgoingon andmisfortunes andretireinIllyria ○ Godsweren'tfinishedwithCadmus  Hewastroubledbymisfortunethatfallshisfamily  Remarkedto___ifgod so enamoredwithlifeofservant(?),hewould'vewishedthat himselfandhegrewscalesandHarmoniawitnessedthisandaskedgodsforsamefateand theybothturnedintoserpents  Hethusbroughtmisfortuneuponhimself - Pausanias ○ WrotegeographyofGreeceandwitnessedThebesandshowthechamberwhereZeusvisited SemeleandtheyhaveDionysis ○ Semele'snameitselfisrelatedtoMycenaean - DioysisreturnstoThebesandwreakshavocfortreatmentofSemele - PolydorusbecomeskingofThebes(?) - Typicalthatcompilerputstogetheralotofstoriesanddunnowhichone'sreal - It'sclearthat Polydorusrulesforashort time ○ Hasa sonnamesLabdacoswho isn'toldenoughtorulewhenPolydorosdiessoruleistakenupby regentnameNycteus(meansnight)  Hehas adaughternamesAntiopēwhobecomesimpregnatedbyZeusbutnoonebelieves herandis banished  Nycteuseventuallyfeelsguiltyandkillshimself  AntiopēmarriesEpopeuswhileinexile ○ LabdacosstillnotoldenoughsoLykos(wolf)takesoveranddemands AntiopēreturnstoThebes (eithercuzhebelievesherorthoughtthey'dbecursedcuzNycteuskilledhimself) ○ OnthewayAntiopēgivesbirthtotwins:AmphionandZethys (divinetwinspart) ○ Stepmom,Dirkē(wifeofLykos)kindamadcuzAntiopēhasclaimtothronesoshe'simprisoned andtwinsgiventosheppardtoraiseas hisown ○ Astheygrowup,hearthat theirmotherisimprisonedandbeingtorturedbyDirkēsotheygoto avengeherandkillDirkēbythrowingherintoaspringand attack Thebeswithagroupof thugs andkillLykosandraiseawall:Bookoloi(theyarepastorals,shephardtype) ○ AmphionknownasmusicianandZethys sheparddude ○ NewThebesbutnotreallycuzofLabdacos ○ Labdacosisheirbuttwinshaveclaimto thronetoocuz of Nycteus  Thereisnorealstory forcreatureorThebes ○ Labdocusrippedapart(?)  Hasson Laios(islegitimateheir) ○ Laios  Givescautionarytale  Isexemplarofhownottobehave  Isvictimofhisownthumos(thu= smokebutthumosisemotionhavingtodowithlust, passion,urge)  WhileLaioswasstillyoung,twinsstillaroundsohewasconsideredrightfulheirbymany  Laiossmuggledoutofcityandrearedas kingin exilebykingofPisawhoisPelops(sonof Tantalos)  PeopleentrustedhissonChrysippos(meansgoldenhorse)tocareofLaios □ Ideaisheisamentorand to teachwhat it meanstobe aman andwantedit tobe him tobetrainedinwar □ Laiostrainedhimbutthenfellfortheboy □ Duringsomegameswherethepaircompeted,Laiosstoletheboyandrapedhimb/c wasn'tabletocontrolhisthumos □ KeptChrysipposinThebesandforcedhimtobehislover □ Crime:entrustedwithbeingtheboy'sguardianandbehavedinappropriately(crime notrapingunderageboy:|) □ PelopsandHippodameia(wife)arebothpissedandHippodameiadecidestotake action,notPelops(usuallymandoes) □ Burst intoLaios'bedchamberwhilehewassleepingandtookswordandplungedinto bodyshethoughtbelongedtoLaiosbutturnsoutshekilledherownson=/ □ Thrustwasso effectivethathediedinstantly=( □ LaiossleptthroughittillhisservantscameandseemedlikeLaioswastheguiltyparty (Hippodameiaandhersonsrunaway) □ LaiospleadsinnocenceandsomestoriessaythatChrysipposinhislastbreathsaid Laiosisinnocent □ Masma:bloodguilt;LaiosindirectandHippodameiadirectlyandshedoesn'treturnto Pisa □ AtreusandThyestesrulePisacuzPelopslefttheminchargecuzhedecidestohave waragainstallofThebesbutfoundout that Laioswasalreadythrowninthe dungeon bytheA&Tpair □ Laiosisnotkilled(dunnowhy)buthe'sstillguiltybymasmabyimplication(ifhe hadn'tkidnappedandraped,kidwould'vesurvived)whichcontinuesthecursethat's effectedtheThebanfamforthelongesttime,Laiosthoughtitmeantnothing  Laiosdecidesit'stimetoproduceanheirandtakesa youngwoman:Jocasta  Aftersometimefoundouttheycouldn'thaveachildsoLaioswentto Delphi □ WhenOraclesawLaios,heshuddered □ Ifyouhaveason,son willkillyouandtakehiswifeashismate(ifthenprophecy)  IsOedipusTyrannos  Sophocles  Decidedbestwaytodealwiththisistoexposechild(postpartumbirthcontrol) □ Unwantedbabyisputaway  Jocastadecidestoentrusthersonto shepard □ ShepardherdshissheepwithinfanttoMt.Cithaeron(halfwaytoThebesandCorinth) andgiveskidtoCorinthianshepardandislikedosomething □ CorinthianshepardgivesbabytochildlesskingandqueenofMeropēandPolybos  Notclearwhonameshim  Oedipusgrowsupandunawareofhisparentage  VariouspeersinOedipusagegrouptaunthimsayingMeropēandPolybosaren'thisreal parents,whichhurtshimandhe'sworriedsoheeventuallyasksthem anddecidenottotell himandsay nohe's theirhissonand heknowsthey'relying  OedipusgoestoDelphiandasksifthey'rehisparentsandOraclesays:youwillkillyour fatherandtakeyourmother □ Hethinksthismeansthatyesthey'rehisparentsandacceptsthat he willleaveThebes  Sphyinx □ TakenfromEgyptianbutEgyptianonemale □ Madeup mythologicalmonsterterrorizedThebes □ Likestogiveriddles:Whatwalkson4legsinthemorning,2legsintheafternoonand 3legsintheevening?  Roadto Delphi:isaY thinganddecidestogo to Thebesanddealwithmonster,Laios decidestomeetOracleandaskhowto dealwithmonsterandmeetatTriodosTrivium (wherethe3roadsmeet)  ….He killsLaios  Odeipusanswersmanandsphyinxhorrifiedsomeoneanswereditrightandkillsherself  ThebeiansdecidetomakeOedipuskingandgivenJocastaandtheydunnothey'rerelated  …  Nooneknowsthathe'sthelegitimateheirsohe'stheTyrannosandOedipusisn'tcharged forhismurdercuz therewereagroup ofmenkilltillonlyLaiossurvivedsoitwassaidthat Laioswaskilledbygroupofmen *Teiresiasblindbutknowstruth,Oedipuscanseebut  Creon,fatherofJocastagoestoDelphitofindout thehowto getrid ofplagueand comes can'tseetruth backsayingkingofLaiosstillontheloose ^pathicfallacy  OedipuscursesthemurderersayingmayheturnblindandtellsTeiresiastofindoutwho killedLaiosbutTeiresiasdoesn'twannasay  OedipusgetsabitpissedandhethinksthathimandCreonare togethercuzhe's aTyrannos an
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