Class Notes (839,075)
Canada (511,182)
Classics (225)
CLA204H5 (112)
Lecture

Lec 10.pdf

5 Pages
144 Views

Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA204H5
Professor
Daniel Thornton

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Description
Lec10 Thursday,August 04, 2011 6:13PM - PeliasgoestoOracleandsaysbewareofmanwearingonesandalandJasonwalkedinwithonesandal - JasoncomesinbutPeliosdoesn'tkillhimbutaskshimafamousquestion:whatwouldyoudoif confrontedwiththemanwhowouldbeyourdownfallJasonsayshewouldsendthemanafterthe goldenfleeceandPeliostakesthatadviceandsendsJasonafterfleece ○ Rashpromise,impossibletask - Newsourcematerial:authorApolloniusofRhodes ○ WroteArgonautica  Isan epicpoem  IsadjectivalformationfromEpicos(ethos,meansword)soepics=wordy,longsincein dextalic parameter - Epics ○ GreekswriteepicsandRomanstoo ○ Sourceofmoralbehaviour,whotobehavewhendealingwithgodsandotherhumans,moral valuesofancientGreeks ○ Aremythicnarrativeepisodes ○ UnlikeApollodorus,tellastorywithdialogues - Argonautica ○ Nau=has to do withsailing ○ Meanssailingoftheargo ○ Rhodes:~260so islatewriting ○ MimicsHomer'sstylebutiscreationofthewriter ○ Jasonissupposedtogetgoldenfleecesoherecruitscrewof50heroesandare knownbythe nameArgonauts(JasonandtheArgonauts) ○ Isaboutjourneytotheendof theworldand Argowas largestvesselmadeatthatpointwith severalmagicalaspects(woodcutfromZeus'…Athenahadahand inactual engineeringand constructionoftheship) ○ SetsailfromYolkaandencounterseriesofadventureseverywheretheygo ○ Firstgoto Lemnos  AtthistimeLemnoswasfullofwomenwhokilledtheirhusbands  WomenpissedofAphroditebyignoringhersopunishedbysmellingbad  QueenisHypsipyleandwhenArgonautscome,womenandmenmingleandcreatenew racecalledMinyaiandJasonfatherstwokidswiththequeenandtheneventuallyJason+ crewwerepressuredtoleave  Herakleswaslifeofpartyduringstayandwasn'thappyto leave ○ AsArgonautsmovealong,cometoregionknownasBlackSeaand acityon theBlack Seacalled Cyzicus(isalsonameoftheking)  PeoplewholivetherearecalledtheDolians  DoliansandkingCyzicuswelcomeJasonandargonautsandatnightastorm drives Jason+crewbacktoislandandat nighttheyweren'tabletorecognizeeachother(people andcrew)sotherewasa greatbattlewhereKingdied  Daycame andJasonrealisedtheirmistakeandhadelaborateburialforKing ○ Mysia  Harbour  Sent2guysto getfoodand water:Heraklesandhisbf Hylas  Hylaswascollectingwateratstreamandnymphssaw himandin aweofhis beautyand drewhimintothestream  PolyphemoshearsHylas'criesandsearchesforhimbutallhecouldfindwasgrass pitcherso hewenttolookforHeraklesthatnightand toldhim  Heraklesgetsmadandinrage goessearchingforHylasand callsoutto himand Hylas answers3timesbutsincehe'sunderwater,Heraklescan'tfindhim  HeraklesdecidestomakethingsdifficultforthepeopleofMysiaandtoldthemiftheydon't findwho'sresponsible,he'llravagethemandtheysworeanoath  Heraklesdecidedhe'shadenoughofArgonauticaandleavesandHyloslostforever ○ NextplacetheyreachisSalmydessos(inThrace)(outsideofcivilizedworld)  KingnamedPhineusruledtherewhohadbeengivenabilitytoprophesizebyApolloandhad choice:a)beblindandhavelonglifeorb)seeand haveshortlife □ Hadgivenawaydivineinteltopeoplesothiswashispunishmentandhechosea)  Furthermore,hewaspunishedbyHelios(thesun)becausewhywouldsomeonedeliberately choosetobeblindandnotlookat sunso hesentHarpies(bodyofbird,headofwomen) □ NamecomesfromGreekwordseize,graspers(wouldgraspwhateverwaslaidfor Phineus)  JasonfeelssorryforPhineusandhim+menkillharpiesandinreturnPhineusgivesJasoninfo oflocationofColkeys(?)  Alsotellshimhowtocrossthroughsymplegades(clashingrocks) □ Rockswouldclashtogethertopreventanyone/anythingtoenterBlackSea □ Senddoveaheadandwouldgothroughrocksand wouldclashand besatedand wouldn'tbeinterestedincrashingagain  Symplegadesclashedonlyafewfeathers,thinkingcrashedonlywhatwasnecessaryand Jason+thoughtsafetogo so Argosgoesthrough ○ Aeёteshasdaughtermedea  JasonaskshimforgoldenfleeceandAeёtespromisedhe'dgiveitifJasonperforms3tasks  Jasonpresentedwithtasksandbecamediscouragedandfellintodepression □ Instatecalledaporia(por=strategy,so lackingstrategy/resourcefulness)  HerasupportsJason,doesn'tlikePeliassoconspireswithAphrodite □ SendEosto Medeaandmakeheragreeto helpJason □ Notgoodideab/cshe'seasternerandnameisa warning:isassociatedwithdarkarts □ Hekate,achithonicentityandMedeaisherdisciple  Natural, lunar 1) Plowfieldwithfirebreathingoxen,khalkotauroi - MedeagavemagicalointmentforJasontoapplyonhimselftoavoidgettingburned withflames - Jasonsowedteethofdragonheplowed(couldbeteethofdragonhe'ssupposedto slaylatersoordermismatched?) 2) Dragon'steethhavetobesownin fieldheplowed - Ashesowsthem,armyof warriorsspringupand Jasondealswiththemsamewasas Cadmus 3) Dragon - OvercomesleeplessAyhpnoesdragonb/cwasguardinggoldenfleece - Medeagiveshimmagicaldrugthathewouldgivedragonto putdragon to sleepand Jasonwasabletoseizegoldenfleece  Medeabasicallybetrayedfatherandgetsworse:Aeёteshadsecondthoughtssohewas preparedforwarwithArgonauts  Medeadidn'tusemagicas muchas she usedmurder - HadbrothernamesApsyrtosandshemurdered+cuthimseveralpiecesandthrewhim intosee  SomesourcessayshecorneredhimandJasonkilledhim  IdeathatAeёteswouldhavetogocollectpiecestogiveproperburialsotheyescape ○ Sailbackbutprob cuz MedeacommittedbloodmurderandZeuspunishedherbysendingstorms whiletheysailed ○ Jasondidn'tknowwhattodo wheretheyareetc.butsinceArgohad magicalattributes,Argossaid topurifybygoingto Circe ○ Afterbeingcleansedcontinuejourneyhomeandthatpointtheyencountersirens  Sirensliveon3smallrocksislandsandenticesailorswithsongandcausesthemtocrash to island ○ JasonhadmusicianOrpheusonboardwhohad abilitytocontrolcreaturesetcwithhismusicand withhislyrehewasabletooverpowersirensanddefeatthem ○ TheysailandarriveatCrete  CreteandEuropa:oneof thegiftsshegot wasTalos (metalicslave/robot) ○ TaloswasguardingCreteandas Argos approaches,TalosattacksbutMedeauseshermagic ○ TaloshadasinglebloodvesselrunningandMedeaputTalostosleepandtookoutvessel(or something)andTalosbleedstodeath ○ JasonreturnsandPeliosrefusestobargain ○ PelioshadthoughtthatJasonandArgonautsdiedandtoldJason'sfatherandhe killedhimself (somesayPelioskilledhimself) ○ MedeadecidestotakecareofPeliosandpretendedtohaveacharm to makePeliosyoungagain (toldhisdaughters)bycuttinganoldramand boilingitandproducingnewram ○ Pelios'daughterscutPeliosandhedidn'tsurvive ○ Needednewkingandturnsoutpeopleof____are reallymadso theycompelJasonandMedeato leavetown ○ Jasonhasno wheretogo,is isolated(usuallygobackhomeorhome1to 2 buthe hasno home) ○ Goto Corithand kinghas nameCreonand thereMedeaandJasonlivehappilyfor10yearsand have2boysand allisgod tillCreonoffershisdaughterCreusaandoptiontomakeJasonking (movestonewstory) AftermathofArgonauticafocusesonMedea - PlaybyEuripides ○ JasonandMedealivingisolatedandCreonnowofferedandEuripides'playbegins ○ StorystartswithMedea'snursecryingoutI wishtheArgohad neversailedandtellsuswhatwe knowalready:MedeawouldneverhavecomehomebutdidcuzlovesJason  Murder,betrayfather ○ LiveinexileandMedeahasbeenwrongedandfastingandcryingb/cJasontakesCreusaandis betrayedbyhim  Isdependent(emotionally)onJason ○ Medeaisaforeignwomenandmarriageisinvalid  TraditionalAthenianmarriagesarecontrastedbythosewhohasmisfortuneofhaving foreignwife  Metoikoi(foreigners) ○ Meticshavenostatusand Athenianaudiencewouldrecognizethissystemoflawandseetheir lead ○ Produce4 ○ RuleswasPeriklesandwifewasAspasia(foreign)andtheyhadason  Heirlegitimacyprobandhisownlawaboutmarriage(wasn'twithAspasiawhenhemad thatlaw)  CanbeappliedtoMedea ○ TrueGreekwifecanappealtofatherorbrotherto intertwinebutshedefiledherfather'sfamand hasno optionofgettinghermalerelativestohelphergetdivorce  Bymarryingher,Jasonhas responsibilitytowardsMedea,she'shisward ○ SucksforMedeacuz she'snotreallyJason'swifeandatthispointherkidsenterwiththeirtutor andtutorclaimsmoretroublewillcome:heheardrumorthatCreon,assoon as Jason'smarriage withCreusa,he'llexileMedeaandJasondoesn'tcarewhereshegoes ○ NursesaysshewishesJasonwasdeadandwantsherkidsto go somewhereandMedeawilldo somethingviolent ○ MedeahatesherkidsandNursesayssheunderstands ○ ConvowithMedeaandwomenwhoaresympatheticandtellhernotto worrytoo muchand let himgobutMedeawishessufferingonJasonandshedoesn'twannadisrespectneighborsbutshe saysshewantsto die ○ CreontellsMedeatoleavebutsheasksfor1 moredayand eventhoughheknowsit'sabad idea, heallowsitandMedeaplansstuff ○ JasonandMedeatalkand Jasonsays she'sluckyto beexiledandthatshedeservesitcuzshetalks toomuchand Medeatellshimhe'sshamelessandtellshimhowshewentagainsthisfamilyetc andhowshehelpedhim ○ Jasonsaidhedidherafavorbyturningherfromsavageto Greekand Jasonsayshowhe's not tiredofherbutneedssecurityforhiskidsetcand offerssupportforMedeawhileshe'sexiledbut sherefuses ○ AegeuscomesandhimandMedeaarefriends ○ MedeatellsAegeusaboutJasonandhetellshertoletJasongoand Medeatellshimtowelcome herinAthens ○ MedeaeventuallycomestoAthensandherandAegeushaveanheir ○ Tragedy:MedeagivesspecialgarmenttoCreon'sdaughterwhichcauseshertoburnintoflames anddieandshemurdersherownchildren(putherchildrenwhereJasoncan'ttouchthem)  TakenawayJason'sabilitytohaveanheir,to bea king(ashewas supposedtobe)  Question:whoissufferingtragedy?MedeagetsawaywithitwhileJasoniscrushes ○ Finalappearanceinplayisonroofofstage (signifyingplaceofgods)andshefliesawayonchariot ○ MedeaispresentedinawaythatseemslikeshehasdivineabilitieswhileJasonisunappealingbut originalaudiencemaynothavefeltthatandfeelthatJasonwantedtodo therightthing(marry therightwoman,havelegitimateheiretc.) ○ Powerofsexualityandproduceheirissomethingmanwillneverunderstand ○ Medea=malegenitalia  Hasman's powerandusesit to Jason'sdisadvantage  Killingkidsisexaggeratedforofpowerthatshealonepossesses ○ Jasoncanno longerstayand becomesawandereranddiesingloriousdeath:wanderingaround andgetshiton theheadwitharottingiron ○ StoryofJasontakesal thestereotypesand makesherolookumimpressiveandseefemale heroine TrojanWar - Ma
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit