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Mariapia Pietropaolo

CLA204 Lecture 1: Classical Myth: ancient greek/ rome Mythology is the study of myths. Myth comes from the greek word muthos meaning a story or a narrative. A story with characters which a divine, semi-divine, royalty or king set in a setting unrelated to human chronology (real [mountains]/unreal[underworld] settings). They are traditional. Myths have anonymous authors, but sources are not anonymous. No one source is a true and real source. Keeps changing, not consistent. Answers fundamental questions, rationalizing, and differences in rationalizing causes the differences in the stories. - Myths have explanatory power, etiological myths (how the elephant lost is trunk). Oedipus: slept with the mom and had kids without the knowledge Narcissist: falls in love with his own reflection Atlas titans, carried the whole world on his shoulders. Fire is considered divine, why is it on earth. A titan stole it and brought it down. Minotaur caused when the queen slept with a bull. Hesiod early archaic period. Contemporary of homer (Trojan war, earlier time of bronze age time, even though he was in a steel age) - Wrote in greek, wrote two poems theogony and works&days - Theogony means origin of gods, the word itself means theos = god & gonia = beginning. - His gods make up the cosmos (cosmo ordered universe, cosmogony- be gotten) x - House of muses - 7 hundred BC, he writes about things long time ago before that. Cla 204 th Lecture 2: January 10 , 2012 Hesoid Life and Works Father originally from Cyme (in Aeolia) o Moved to Ascra (near Mt helicon) H. fell out with brother (perses) over inheritance from the works and days Works of art (Poems): o Theogony o Works and days o Catalogue of women Perses was a singing poet He composed a poem concerning divine the rise of Zeus o And on farming (works and days) when to farm Theogony and Cosmogony o T the origins of the gods Theos (god) + gonia (begetting) o C: the origins of the universe Cosmos (ordered universes) + gonia Roman Mosaic of the 9 Muses o They are the daughters of Zeus and Memory (this is important because it is oral poetry) o One of the Muses is called Rania o Head Muse she will be the muse of the high epic poetry this puts her before everyone because of the genre of poetry o Successive myth a natural consequence of the Gods of the family There are 4 main generations of the gods: Chaos . chasm, gaia/ earth, Tartarus, Eros The titans, children of Gaia and Ouranos/ Sky The Olympians, children of Cronus and Rhea The children of the Olympians The successive myth almost seems like a goal to explain Zeuss supremacy his role His purpose is setting the pieces of the divine machinery he does this by breaking this up like hympns or episodic elaborations (there not full on myths but snippets) Gaia sleeps with her own son Covers the earth male physical power as he doesnt let his kids come out of the earth so she divises a plan (female cunning) she makes a plan to make the kids attack the sky and only Cronus takes up on it and you have more male physical power (first intergenerational strife) the older generation resists being thrown This seperation needs to happen later on at the ends of the poem, Atlas holds the sky up he is identified o The Birth of Aphrodite There are different accounts of her birth (Zeuss is her father is one of them) The castration from above causes separation and it is brought from deceit and treachery The destructive power of sexual attraction is a central theme in Greek myth to produce this monster o Cronus likes to suppress the next generation lets his kids be born and then swallows them this is another example of tension between the generations. Rhea protects the kid by giving her a stone and Zeuss survives and makes Cronus cough up his siblings o The omphalos (the stone) the belly button o The Olympians defeat the titans - this lasted 10 years Zeuss becomes king after he gets help from Cyclopse Although he is king he faces challenges Gaia wakes up the giants (the gigantocomy a long bloody battle where zeuss side wins) So Gaia gives birth to monsters (typhon) o Both battles plotted by females fought by males o Zeuss has to worry about his succession and his overthrow and so he swallows the mother ( )* while she is pregnant and he does this on the advice of Gaia and o The birth of Athena she is born from zeus forehead when it is split in half o Chaos keeps kids inside the earth o Cronus inside him o Zeus keeps everyone inside him The other Olympians o Athena extremely powerful celebate The transfer of power is used thru violence each generation wants power and is eventually overthrown until Zeus stops this Male strength vs. female cunning Apollo o This is basically a handbook of explanations a valuable source for myths Lecture 3: January 16, 2012 The rape of persephanie o Does not have a stable home in the Olympics o Chthonic earth having connections with the underworld (she has a double role) doesnt have a home in olympics because Haiti takes her away and so she has to stay in the underworld o She is very popular in art There are two basic interpretations o This story is an allegory of Greek marriage the patriarchal marriage is by the father the girl does not have much say Demeanor is not consulted. Immediate transition from
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