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Lecture 2

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Mariapia Pietropaolo

CLA204 – Lecture 2 – January 10 2012 Tutorial dates  January 24  February 14  February 28  March 20  March 27 Myth - Myths are anonymous but the sources are not - They are passed on from generation from generation - Myth can address the major cultural issues - Time period: archaic - Myths take place in real place and unreal places Legends - They tell the story of good deeds of human heroes and heroines Folk tales - Stories with animals - These are not gods or heroes - They have a teaching function - They explain customary patterns of behaviour Hesoid – life and works - Father originally from Cyme (in Aeolia) o Moved to the town of Ascra (near Mt Helicon) - Hesoid fell out with brother (perses) over inheritance - Works: theogony, works and days, catalogue of women - Hesoid and his father were basically successfully - Theogony: celebrates the rise to power of zeus, he composed a poem on farming - He breaks down the calendar year and tells you what to do on what year in farming for example - His works are poems Theogony and Cosmogony - Theogony: the origins of the gods o Theos (‘god’) + gonia (‘begetting’) CLA204 – Lecture 2 – January 10 2012h - Cosmogony: the origins of the universe o Cosmos (‘ordered universe’) +gonia o Anthropomorphic – traits of god, things that are not necessarily human that have human personality. - You cant really say how much of this he hesoid really inherited Who are the muses? - Roman mosaics of the 9 muses - Divine patriots - They are goddesses and personifications of oral songs - Also called helican muses. Daughters of zeus. - One of the muses is called urania - Calaiopi – she is in charge, she is the muse of high ethic poetry, o She is ahead of the others because of the genre of poetry - Theogy is a successive myth o There are 4 main generations The 4 generations of gods: 1. Chaos/chasm, Gaia/Earth, Tartarus, Eros 2. The Titans, Children of Gaia and Ouranos/Sky a. Ouranos is Gaias son. Untaimed forces in general. 3. The Olympians, children of Cronus and Rhea a. Cronus and Rhea are Titans. 4. The children of the Olympians Epithet: adjective is a descriptive phrase expressing the quality of something - Focus on zeus - Successive myth - There is a goal. - Hesoid goes back to the beginning of things to explain other things - He starts with the chaos - He gives accounts of how zeus got his role - Hesoids purpose is to set the pieces in divine order - Episodic elaborations: major scenes. Line 154. The castration of the sky - Uranus sleeps with her own son CLA204 – Lecture 2 – January 10 2012 th - She divises a plan. First instance of female cunning. - She makes a sickle. She says this is my plan and i want you to do something to her children - She wants her children to destroy their father - First instance of intergernational strike - What does castration mean? It means the sky moves up above the earth. This separation needs to happen for there to be a world to exist - Cronus castrates the father ouranos
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