CLA204H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Odysseus, Ascanius, Gladiator

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31 Mar 2016
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Greece% oral%=>%literate% -the%literature% were%dominated%by%Iliad,%Odysseus,%Theogony
Background
Awareness%through%culture%and%education%
Greece% fell%a%part%politically,%the%unity%that%allowed%them%to%prevail%fell%a%part%
Taking%old%virgin%strongholds,%within%10%years%he%took%his%forces%far%
Problem: maintaining%all%of%the%conquests,%and%living%long%enough
Alexander%didn't,%he%ended%up%dying%from%malaria&and&alcohol
Smaller%areas%his%successes%were%persistent%=%became%part%of%the%
Hellenistic% world%
Alexander%inherited%his%fathers%leadership%and%marched%into%Persia%
Hellenistic% world -ruled%by%different%monarchs,%%the%kingdoms%fought%among%
themselves%
Rome
Recognized%Greece% was%more%elevated%in%terms%of%culture%
"Greece% captured,%took%captive,%Rome" -the%culture%provaded%Roman%culture%
even%though%Rome%had%them%captured
The%empire%built%by%Rome%stretched%from%NW%France%to%SE%Syria
Octavian -you%could%call%him%nothing%but%King%
First%Roman%emperor
He%was%educated%in%the%classics%
A%book%was%created%to%celebrate%Roman%origins%-connected%with%Greek%
ones%
Augustus -restored%the%old%Rome%("republic")%but%now%it%became%a%empire
Aeneid
!Aeneas%participated%in%the%Trojan%war,%but%received%instructions%to%
flee%
!He%went%to%Italy%to%find%his%Romans%
!Aeneas%escaped%with%his%family (dad%Anchises,%Creusa,%Iulus%(son))
!He%has%a%series%of%adventure,%trip%to%the%underworld%(SIMILARITIES)
!When%he%leaves Dido%and%she%kills%herself,%he%sees%her%in%the%
underworld%and%ignores%her
Most%important%Roman%work%of%literature%(Aeneid) -%% about%Aenaes
Vergil:%wrote%the%book%^%using%the%Iliad%and%the%Odyssey%as%a%model%
Vergil%has%created%a%artificial%genealogy
The%basis%will%always%be%Greek%culture%
Rome%was%founded%by%refugees%from%the%Trojan%war%
Made%180-192%CE
The%image%is%of%Commodus
Raised%with%silver%spoon%in%his%mouth,%his%dad%was%a%warrior%and%murderer%or%
local%people
Commodus%had%to%measure%up%-he&fought&as&a&gladiator
Had%several%names%throughout%his%career% (ie.%Hercules)%
He%was%murdered%by%his%mistress,%and%strangled%to%death%
[Picture&that&he&handed&out]
Chapters)23,24:)Vergil’s)Aeneid&and)Roman)Mythopoeia
Thursday,%March% 31,%2016
12:23%PM
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