CLA204H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Christopher Vogler, Katabasis, Tiryns

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30 Jul 2016
CLA204 Lecture #6
When we think of heros we think of: doing big things, making sacrifices but in ancient Greek world, things are different
Heroic myth is that humans are the protagonists
Narratives become events in humans not the divine past
In homer: hero is noble born male who is alive but later heros become someone in the past
Heroic age: heros become worshiped and almost in their own way, gods
Heros acquire cults, rituals associated and worshiped for them
oHuge political importance
Heroes can be female
Heroes journey: the hero with 1000 faces, published 1949 by Joseph Campbell
oConsideres the hypothesis that heroic myths are basically all the same story presented to us w. a good degree of
infinite variation
oStory telling of ancient world follow a certain type of architypes and joseph Campbell came up w. his own called
oUnderlying pattern can be applied to subconscious of humans
oImage from website of Christopher vogler “the Hero’s Journey” EXAM Q
Steps in reflection of human mind
Read more closely the myth of Perseus
oCampbell says that stories are psychologically true and adhere to monomythological model. May not be factually
true but this doesn’t matter because they are psychologically valid even when they present unreal, impossible,
oQuestion Carl young asked: “by what myth am I living?”
oMeet hero in the ordinary world. Eg. Perseus hanging w. his ma and pa by the shore
oHero presented with a problem/ something to do
Someone compels hero on a journey
oHero isn’t sure they can handle it  Frodo: will give it to Gandolf but Gandolf says no b/c its not his quest
oSomeone comes to help hero
5. Hero passes the first threshold: steps forward out of ordinary world and into new world of adventure
6. Test, allies, enemies: challenges and tests, negotiating new relationships,
7. Approach: going into the inner most cave, hero comes to the dangerous place, best lies bellow and hero must
a. In ancient terms katabasis “process of going down”
b. Campbell saw this as a way of the individual exploring their own conscious
8. Ordeal, death & rebirth: hero may undergo any of these.
a. Threshold death: seems to be gone, everyone morns but hero is not defeated
b. For every heroic Kanabasis there is always a heroic anabasis “process of going up”  hero has passed test
c. Death and guarantee of resurrection
9. Reward, seizing the sword: Campbell says he seizes the sword.
a. Once you have it in your possession doesn’t mean there aren’t others who still don’t want it
10. The road back: battles, more tests, its not ever over for the hero
a. Hero shine and emerges
11. Resurrection: hero triumphs
12. Return with elixir: everything is returned to its rightful place
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