CCT109H5 Lecture 12 999831240
Conclusion: The Internet in Everyday Life
Review - Idea's
1. Technological Sublime - diversion of lower cultural impulses to higher cultural impulses
2. Networks as struggles of power
3. Global media Cartels
4. Commodities Markets
5. Standardized Time Zones
6. Digital Divides
7. Digital Surveillance
9. Interpersonal Surveillance
11. Consumer Profiling
12. Political economy of identity (Political economy and how it shapes identity)
13. Social movements - Theory and "Culture Jamming"
14. Political variety
21. Networked ICT's
22. Hacking 23. Digital Activism
Use proper terms. Do not allow TA to infer.
CCT109H5 Exam Review
Class 1 and 2
"Fake" versus "real" Harlem Shake
Harlem reacts to the "Harlem Shake"
Social constructionism - study of how language, signs and norms and actions shape the
Norms - Shared expectations by society.
Signs - Symbolic representation of society, can be both material and immaterial
Social Order- How society itself is constructed
Political Economy = Politics (Government control) + Economy (Distribution of capital)
Audiences - Groups of individuals who focus around a product. Are both
labourers and consumers at the same time. They add value to a product and
they consume it.
Ownership - Study of horizontal and vertical integration. Horizontal integration is
when a firm buys another firm that is linked to their own business. (News channel
buys a newspaper company) Vertical integration is when a firm buys other firms
that are directly related to their production.
Labour - The way humans are structured to produce a product or a service.
Normally associated with wage labours
Commodification -Rendering of commercial products into a more marketable
product, normally becomes an everyday product. What is political economy? The unequal distribution of communication, based on
power and financial status. the more powerful/rich an individual is the more
communication rights they get.
What is economic geography? Distribution of economic activities (Example financial
What is social structure? How social arrangements are constructed.
Early ICT's and Oral Communications
Early forms of ICTs include the clock, which was revolutionary for its time
Oral communication is more interactive than text-based communication within the
Example of oral communication: Catholic church and their way of teaching
Technological Sublime - divert a "lower" impulse into a higher culture or society.
The basic idea that newer is better. A flawed logic.
Technological change is responsible for social change
Specifically involving social growth and movement
At one point in history it was uncommon to have a telephone in one's household.
Common mannerisms that modern society takes for granted would have been
weird to those who had a telephone in the past.
Stimulated economic growth by increasing and broadening communication
When Bell's patent expired it faced a lot of copyright and competition issues.
Although it was still largely a monopoly after Bells patent expired
Monopoly: A firm that is the sole producer/seller of a product/commodity
Bell's Three Stages of early development:
Establishment (Creating the product) Consolidation (Introducing it to the public spheres)
Systemization (Normalizing the monopoly.)
Commodification - transforming a commercial product into something that is used
Essential to present day economies because we are reliant on products to