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Lecture 4

CCT360H5 Lecture 4: LEC #4

, Fall 2016
2 pages101 viewsFall

Communication, Culture and Technology
Course Code
Shanta Nathwani

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LEC #4 27/09/2016
Guest Speaker: Meagan Hanes (@mhanes)
- The world wide web is revolutionary
o Why?
Brief History
- Web 1995-2005
- When you wanted to make a website, it was much harder
- Needed to know HTML and CSS no systems available
o Needed to buy software and education ($$$) to make website
o No other options no dreamweaver, website builders
- 1995: when people started getting connected introduction of PCs
o internet cafes
o what was wrong with this? Why did it need to change?
o 1995-2000 driven by commercialism, Yahoo bought everything and deleted
many of its tiny sites
- how open tech frees the world
- Someone created a website, disappeared, and someone else took the code, and with
the help of others, created WordPress 1.0 (now in 29th iteration)
- Re-envisioning code creation
- Website exist to do – sell, connect, achieve goals, etc.
Free Software (speech and beer)
- Cost of $0 helps
- Freedom of speech
o Back then if you were to use software like dreamweaver and criticize
government, you could get your licence revoked
o Now you have the freedom to do whatever you want with it
- General Public Licence - free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom
to run, study, share and modify the software
o #0: run - freedom to use the software for whatever you want
o #1: modify - you are given the source code and can modify
o #2: study - you can look and study the software
o #3: share you have the ability to share the original source code with its
- free software is about removing restrictions leading to denial, barriers against
FSF and Non-Democracies
- FSF: Free Software Foundation
- Government can be oppressive (e.g. Arab Spring was fuelled by the need to fight against
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