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Lecture 2

EDS310H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Input Hypothesis

Education Studies
Course Code
Liz Coulson

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Has been defined by the Council of Europe as the use of languages for the purposes
of communication…where a person…has proficiency, of varying degree, in several
languages and experience of several cultures"
Language As Assets
What do plurilingual students have to offer?
What should plurilingual students be able to expect of their teachers/ schools/ school
o Provide insight into other cultures
o They should expect that their teacher will be accepting, however the student
must understand that their teacher may not be fluent in their home language
o They offer aid to other children who speak the same language (scaffolding )
o Break from language in learning (English)
o Experience
o Experience encoded in language
o Gets students to leave their "bubbles"
o Clarity - perhaps underline names, adjectives, provide visuals , assume genius,
don’t dumb down
o patience
o Inclusion and accepting L1 in classrooms
Take an initiative to learn a greeting in their language
o Act in their best interest
Going to buy a swimsuit for a child who's mother did not understand the form
o Interpreters are important and the involvement of parents still shows that you are
working with the child's best interest in mine
We know that we are getting students who are multi-lingual. We need to adapt to
this new reality and help them
How do you think you could help them?
What would you do to better their learning experiences
Bilingual books
English Language Learners
English language learners are students in a provincially funded English schools
whose first language is a language other than English or is a variety of English that
is significantly different from the variety used for instruction in Ontario’s schools and
who may require focused educational supports to assist them in attaining proficiency
in English
BiC's (born in Canada)
Newcomers/International students
FNMI students ( First nation Metis students in Ontario)
Which group do you think is the biggest ?
BiC’s are the biggest (54%)
L1 is advantageous to L2
Threshold hypothesis *****
find more resources at
find more resources at
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