Challenges in env/resource mgmt
o 1: who is involved in env/res mgmt?
3 levels of gov’t
Civil society (promoters, conservationists/environmentalists, technologists)
Challenge is meeting the needs/interests of all these groups
Who has legal power?
o 2: what env issues are addressed?
See issue-attention cycle (wk 2 slide)
o 3: inherent characteristics of env/res mgmt
Conflict over values, interests, behaviour. Ex: recreational hunting is a need for
some, hated by others
Uncertainty: risk, ignorance, indeterminacy
Change: conditions, expectations, needs
Complexity: cause and effect difficult to determine, multiple variables/pathways
Mgmt of fisheries:
o 1868: Canada's Dominion Fisheries Act
Developed marine fisheries
o 1902: 1 mention of conservation in the national marine fisheries policy
o Post WW2, transfer of war tech to fishing (bigger boats, sonar etc)
o After collapse of cod intake, limits were enforced on fishing (1977-1984)
Seemed to be on track to pre-60s abundance, but was unsuccessful
o Response to cod industry decline:
1993/4: moratorium on Atlantic cod fishing
40-50000 jobs lost
1997: limited test to bring back cod fishery
2003: nfld/Labrador pop of cod listed as endangered
o Inherent char/mgmt of cod:
Conflict btwn fishers, fishers/gov’t, Canada and other nations. Not all interested
Uncertainty: why higher natural deaths, didn’t know basic info
Change: survival much lower btwn ’77-’84 than in 60s and 70s
Complexity: unclear why fluxes; switch to new resource; oil
o Vision: what is wanted?
o Legitimacy: legislative basis