Class Notes (837,616)
Canada (510,370)
Environment (894)
ENV201H5 (40)
T Conway (38)

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T Conway

 Decision making tools: o Impact assessments: infrastructure, activities, policy o Lifecycle assessments: consumable materials, goods ex: best light bulb o Cost-benefit analysis: policy/regulations o Ecological footprints: overall consumption of person, institution, nation  Env Impact Assessments: o First in US through National Env Protection Act (1969) o An interdisciplinary process where both quantifiable costs and benefits but also unquantifiable externalities are considered and presented to the public in a formal statement. o What is EIA?  IAIA: identifying, predicting, evaluating, mitigation the biophysical, social, and other relevant effects of development proposals prior to major decisions being taken and commitments made.  CEAA: planning tool to identify, understand, assess, and mitigate the env effects of a project  “minimum-regret” planning o History: “to encourage productive harmony btwn man and his environment” o Principles for EIA:  Each generation serves as a trustee to next  Need to assure safe, healthy, culturally pleasing, productive, aesthetic env  Wide range of uses should be permitted  Culture heritage and future options should be protected  Balance population needs and resource potential  Encourage use of renewable resources/recycling o Canada and EIA:  Task force (1970)  Env Assessment Review Process (1973)  Envisioned a cooperative/constructive negotiation process, away from courts  At discretion of Fed Env Minister for federal land  This approach- Administrative, rather than legal- has pros and cons o Types of IA:  Env: effects of development on natural resources  Technological: broad consequences of changing tech  Social: focus on cultural, economic, equity  Ecological: impacts on other species, ecosystem functions o IA:  Minimum regret planning:  Forces thought about actions about to be taken  Try to foresee future problems  Usual goal  Averting catastrophe at intermediate/local scale  Educating public  Best practices  Strong legislative foundation  Broad definition of env
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