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Ragab, H (11)
Lecture 5

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Forensic Science
Ragab, H

Lecture 5 October-09-12 10:05 AM Forensic Anthropology  Using knowledge of human skeleton and anthropological techniques to solve problems  Search for human remains, recover, analyze, present evidence in court  Deal with human remains o Skeletonized o Badly decomposed  Main goal: - Identification o Closure for loved ones Ethics  Legal rights/responsibilities regarding human remains  Burials not to be disturbed  When we find human remains o Coroner/police that order investigation  Calls in experts Locating/recovering human remains  contribute a search plan in order to recover and locate human remains  Where to search & why o Body dumpsite characteristics  Not to be seen  Not to be heard  Fast and easy  Downhill  Accessible by flashlight o Search indicators  Plants  Animal activity  How to search & why  Proper excavation techniques o Determine context Forensic Anthropologists ensure:  Greater accuracy in evidence collection  Increased probability of collecting ALL the evidence  Recovery of maximum amount of skeletal remains  Document relationship between objects (context)  Prevention of post-mortem damage to remains Analyses Inventory (MNI) - Minimum Number of Individuals --> to know how many people you're dealing  with o Individual or commingled  Animal vs. Human  Forensic significance o Reduce police workload o Time + effort  Reduces anxiety of families with missing relatives Taphonomy  Study of processes affecting the body after death o Time of death --> time of discovery  Transport, burial, fossilization, discovery  Environment, animal & human activity  Affect colour, texture, shape of bone  Why study Taphonomy o Consistent with tip/testimony o Movement of the body o Elapsed time since death Time Since Death  Importance o Identification o Testing alibis  3 methods: o Corporal  Decomposition o Environmental  Insects, leaf layers(how many layers of leaves have fallen since that time)  Roots, artifacts o Habitual activities  Actual days Identification  General o Sex o Age o Ancestry  Specific o Past trauma o Disease o Bone wear pat
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