- Search for document, recover, analyze human remains
- Ontario Forensic Pathology Service & Office of Chief Coroner Ontario 2010
Forensic anthropologists if:
Burned, buried, outdoor, scattered, badly decomposed or skeletonized remains
- Role to play in medical-legal investigation
Focus of police or coroner’s case
- Human bone
Only a ForensicAnthropologist can determine its forensic significance
If significant – crime scene
If not significant – police not requires
- Criteria for forensically significant bone
Time since death less than 60 yeas
- When is human bone not of interest to police
Archaeological or historic
Associated with a cemetery
- How is forensic significance determined?
Where is it found?
Recent/fresh or old/dry
Initial Phone Call – InitialAssumptions
- Bone found at a cemetery
- Could be animal
- Emailed photo looked human
- Typical cases of human bone in cemeteries
Eroded from grave
- Arrive in pouring rain Woman walking dog found bone on Monday
Reported to police on Thursday
- 9 fragments found
She picked up and took home
Came to scene to show where bone found
Pointed to area recently top dressed and seeded
- Police saw no evidence of
Recent exhumation, erosion, or vandalism
- Other possible reasons for human bone in a cemetery?
Improper disposal of body
- Is the bone actually human?
Flatter than usual for human but otherwise look human
Police need to know:
- Is it human?
If so coroner must be called
- Is it forensically significant?
If so this is a crime scene
Area must be secured until investigation is complete
- Is it human? Maybe
- Where did the bone originate?
Somewhere on cemetery property?
Brought in with the topsail used for gardening?
- What condition is bone in?
Dry, no tissue or periosteum
Old or exposed to weather for a number of years
More than 50 or 60 years?
Difficult to determine
- Do we release scene?
- No evi