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FSC360H5 (13)

Lecture #2

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Forensic Science
Hisham Ragab

thSeptember 13 2011Lecture2 Forensic ScienceForensic science is the use of science in the service of the law Any science can be applied into a legal situationToday we refer to forensics as the analysis and interpretation of evidence that is a part of a legal investigative processSciences used in forensics include any discipline that can aid in the detection collection preservation and analysis of evidencebiology toxicology engineering test reliability of machinesWhy is Forensic Science ImportantAnalysis of forensic evidence is used in the investigation of civil and criminal proceedingsoften it can help to establish the guilt or innocence of possible suspectsForensic evidence is also used to link crimes that are thought to be related to one another For example DNA evidence can link one offender to several different crimes or crime scenes or exonerate the accusedAdvances in ScienceForensic scientists also work on developing new techniques and procedures for the collection and analysis of evidence In this manner new technology can be used and refined not only to keep forensic scientist on the cutting edge of science but to maintain the highest standard of quality and accuracymost labs are concerned with accreditation approved by higher authority recorded validated and accreditedWho Provides Forensic AnalysisForensic analysis is usually carried out by experts working individually or in teams Advanced techniques often require laboratories where the investigative conditions can be carefully controlled and monitoredUsually they will have a minimum of a four year degree a forensic biologist will have a BSc in biology biochemistry molecular biology or some similar field a forensic chemist and a forensic questioned documents examiner will normally have a BSc in Chemistry and a forensic toxicologist will usually have a BSc in pharmacy or biochemistry Once accepted into the forensic lab the successful applicant then undergoes an understudy period of 912 months depending on areausually time of training is between 12 years Not working with case work for the first year and after that working on cases but under the supervision of a leader
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