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Canada (509,690)
Geography (660)
GGR111H5 (97)
laydon (18)
Lecture

eco geo lec 16.docx

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Department
Geography
Course
GGR111H5
Professor
laydon
Semester
Fall

Description
eco geo lec 16 4/11/2013 7:04:00 AM 2 basic components: Freedom of trade
 -new thing Freedom of investment – out sourcing of jobs indirect and direct investment What is required? Countries should open their markets – dismantle trade/investment barriers Why does these barriers exist? Why remove them? “race to the bottom” – in order for cooperation to be profitable they need cheaper labor and they have to keep searching for cheaper labor and if you cannot keep the cost of labor down investment will go elsewhere. “cut and run”
 - this is about exploitation of labor “living wages”- 30 to 40 thousand dollars a year in Canada but in third world countries will be lower Women constitute:
 >80% of workforce Men – managers, supervisors, security Women - assembly line work
 Women workers Young (13-25)
 Single
 Little formal education Gender division of male and female Cheap, Flexible, Replaceable Gendered Stereotypes Greater dexterity, tolerant of tedious work, docile Working conditions
 10 hours per day, 7 day week Obligatory overtime
 No protection ( no unionization) & No benefits ( health and vacation) Why tolerate these conditions? Hourly garment wage: Guatemala 37 cents China28 cents Nicaragua, 23 cents Bangladesh, 13 to 20 cents $22.50 Factory
 $14.60 mater
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