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Lecture

# Population Geography Lecture 05.docx

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School
University of Toronto Mississauga
Department
Geography
Course
GGR111H5
Professor
laydon
Semester
Fall

Description
Population Geography Lecture 05 4/11/2013 6:41:00 AM Problems with CBR& CDR - Crude measurements  Do not consider population structure, based upon total population ex. A lot of old ppl= death rate high, young ppl= birth rate high - How to over come these problems Use additional indices Total Fertility rate (TFR) TFR is the number of children that would be born to each woman if during her child bearing years she bore children at the current years rate for women of that age’ -if we want to consider fertility we want to consider who is producing children in society, narrowing into female in the reproductive age Total Fertility Rate Considers the structure of population Considers the attitude toward fertility Provides information on replacement * society thinks that all couples should have children when married. (profs example irland) Changes In TFR since the 1960’s In order to replace a population you need a TFR of 2.1 to 2.5 per women is considered the replacement level. *exam question analyzing the chart (achieving replacement) what does it mean? What is the relevance of this data . In many respect is better to have pop. Growth than pop. Decline as pop growth provides more opportunity Total Fertility Rate (MAPS) Why is total fertility rate related to birthrate? Exam question Factors influencing Total Fertility Rate Age profile of the population- old population less birth rate Culture of the population-is everyone having 6 children ex. Porfs family attitude toward birth- birth is important is society and there is a lot of emphasis on birth role of females – education and later marriage age of marriage – marry later due to opportunity contraception etc.- needs to be used properly Economic structure need/cost of children  How is TFR different from CBR? Infant Mortality Rate -Infant Mortal Rate is  Deaths under 1year of age per 1,000 live births -What influences infant mortality? Food and water  - if you have poor quality of water infants will die, and if mother dose not have proper food supply prior and post birth the infant will die Medical facilities-allows those to live who would have originally died ex. Premi baby might die but based on facility changes everything   Age of mother- young mother tend
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