-Toward power politics
-power: general capacity to transform. There are historical conditions for power.
-political ecology: the ways in which different human groups struggle for control of material
resources The evolution of caste
-political economy/ division of labor
-Thomas Hobbes: British philosopher. What’s society like before people. The state of nature. I don’t eat
you so you don’t eat me. Humans are living in the state of nature
-social contract: its an agreement on how to from a society to continue living. European social scientists
had some assumptions: we are naturally competitive and that only the threat of physical force could
keep us in line. The use of physical coercion.
-states: an independent political entity, territory with clear boundaries, defends itself from the outside
with an army, and defends itself internally with police, specialized institutions (revenue, infrastructure).
This is possible because it monopolizes the legitimate use of physical force.
-opposite of physical coercion is persuasive
Caste or Jati
Varna- Brhamans, Kshatryas, vaisyas, sudras………… Untouchables (called dalit. so low they are not even
on the original caste system)
There is a hierarchy, some people are more important than others. Brahmans can talk to the Gods and
are thus the highest.
-we will ook at the caste system in two ways: 1. Economics 2. Religion