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Lecture 11

Lecture 11 Notes.docx

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Pierre Desrochers

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Lecture #11 - Food Security & Safety, Subsidies & Barriers Food Security (WHO) Providing access at all times to • Enough • Sufficient • Safe • Nutritious Food - to allow people to maintain • Healthy • Active Lives Basic Facts In the aggregate, • Enough food to feed each human more than minimum caloric intake required for survival Case for Agri-Business & Free Trade Only so much food because • Modern technologies • Long distance trade Majority of malnourished people ~ Africa & SouthAsia • "Self-sufficient" subsistence farmers • Rural landless laborers Dramatic increase in overall food production mandatory~: • Rapid population growth • Increased standards of living Food Sovereignty (1996): "People and community" have: • The "ability to sustain themselves" • The right "to define their own agricultural, labor, fishing, food and land policies" o No outside interference o No dumping food in foreign markets Case for Food Sovereignty Agrarian reforms & resistance to liberalization ~ : • Food more: o "Culturally appropriate" o "Dignified" o Respectful of environment o "Socially just" Famines ~ Humans • Wars • Ethnic and religious persecutions • Price controls • Protectionism • Excessive taxation • Lack of respect of private property rights Famines ~ Nature • Unseasonable heat of cold • Excessive or insufficient rainfall • Floods • Pests (insects, rodents, & pathogens) • Soil degradation • Epidemics (farmers or beasts of burden) Famine 101 - SubsistenceAgriculture • Average food supply rarely > existential minimum (even under best conditions) • Could never produce enough food to eliminate extensive malnutrition/starvation Food Security in SubsistenceAgriculture • Multiple crops / animals (> resilience against specific problems,
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