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Lecture 3

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Department
Geography
Course
GGR287H5
Professor
Pierre Desrochers
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 3 GGR From foraging to agriculture  Much debate, but (generally) agreed upon basic sequence  ­Hunting large/slow animals plus gathering  ­Hunting smaller animals plus more diverse gathering  ­Sedentism  ­Slow birth of agriculture  Agronomy vs horticulture vs livestock  horticulture­ cultivation of crops (simple hand tools) Why agriculture? plants ­Food ­Fiber ­Medicine ­Narcotics ­Containers  ­Musical instruments  Livestock ­Meat ­Milk ­Manure ­Plough animals ­Clothing ­Other materials ­Transportation ­Turning organic waste to good use Transition to the modern era  Subsistence agriculture  RST­Rudimentary sedentary tillage   Basic characteristics:  Small scale production  Several different kinds of crops and animals  Primarily for family consumption rather than sale  Food security in subsistence agriculture (mostly RST) 1­diversity in crops productions and landscape elements (slopes, valleys) (good against specific diseases and localized weather events, not so much against droughts,  locusts) 2­catch up crops (can be grown quickly after early and obvious failure of more desirable one) 3­famine food (things otherwise not eaten)    ­ real mud pies, dirt (clay) oil vegetable shortening, salt sugar, butter  j.h van thi Ring 
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