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Lecture 4

GGR313 Lecture 4 (May 16, 2013).docx

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Jeffrey May

- GGR313 Lecture 4 - Race and Racialization - RACE and the spatialization of difference o Remember difference, spatial exclusion?  These can lead to spatialization of difference  Meaning that certain people are thought to belong in certain spaces  And the city is coded in certain ways  Certain people belong in certain ways in the city; operate in unconscious ways - Yonge and Dundas Square o It seems like safe place for anyone o The idea the people belong in certain places o ‘Sketchy’ spaces?  A place with a lot of poor people? People who don’t look like us? - The spatial and material constitution of race - Race is about both discourse/representation/images AND bodies/material experiences (Swanton) o About the ideas and physical world o Race is never just about representations and never just about bodies or ideas about ethnoracial cultural things o Race is how it interacts in space - Nayak: the small-scale racialization of spaces and places in ‘microgeography’ (2374) o The way we understand race is really localized, probably more than we thought - Incomplete understandings: o Race is phenotype/physical o Race JUST IS  It’s not true, because it’s not the same depending on where you go o We HAVE a race - New, fuller understandings: o Race is dynamic and emergent (always coming out and being shaped)  Through a combo of representations and material things (clothes, bodies, cell phones, etc; - Social constructionism suggests race is a combination of physical differences (phenotype) and social imaginations (created through media and discourse) - There are new materialist ways of thinking about race (involving bodies and other types of things, anything physical) - We need to combine social constructionist and materialist ideas of race o To show how race is created o To see how racism operated o Combining these things to show how race is created and what it does o It’s only important when it’s oppressive - Mississauga and other suburban areas o Racialized spaces and lots of mixed races o The Marilyn Monroe building that is built around the white women’s curvaceous figure - Brampton o Brown town?? o B-town? o Springdale  Gang oriented definition  Such definition enters us into racialization of the people and the spaces - Racialization is the process by which some people and some spaces come to be associated with or experience race, while others do not - In Toronto, non-white people (people of colour) are racialized and white people are not o People of colour are made to experience their race and made aware of it, while white people are not - Geography is very important to racialization o Race, like gender, is locally produced through discourse and geography o People living in an area also gets racialized o Ex. Syrian protest going through the spaces of Canada in which there’s a hockey billboard showing red and white nationalism - “Singhdale” o Suburb of Brampton called Springdale - Racializaton is a process that is not the same everywhere o Remember Fahimeh? She was racialized in Vancouver but not in Iran o Racialization is different depending on where you are - Racialization and whiteness th o Irish at the turn of the 20 century  Immigration to Toronto during the potato famine  Classified as not white  But now, there’s no denying of their “whiteness” o Turkish as non-white in Toronto  She was not white in Toronto, but she considered herself white in Turkey o Race is geographically produced in process of racialization - Swanton, Dan (2008) The force of race and Nayak, Anoop (2010) Race, affect and emotion: young people, racism and graffiti in the postcolonial English suburbs o Swanton focuses on how race ‘emerges’ in encounters  Physical encounters in spaces in the cities  This happens in ‘contact zones’: ‘invisible, but tangible frontier*s+’  You can feel these contact zones o Nayak refers to the Dene as a ‘borderland’  When different culture come together and then you can understand different ideas - So what about this ‘having’ a race idea? o What about mixed race people o What about a ‘Chinese’ person who has always lived among Arabic-speaking Saudis? o A Hong Kong immigrant living in the Pacific Mall area - Writing about Keighley, UK, Swanton suggests that... o ‘Race emerges continuously, but ephemerally, through conversations that fuse English, Urdu and gangsta speak; through the uncanny architecture of a mosque that used to be a Methodist chapel/ through the smell of Kashmiri cooking; through the dormer windows that crown Victorian terraces and betray the extension of homes into the roof-space that seem to automatically summon Orientalist imaginaries of ‘the South Asian family’; through a halal butcher’s shop; through salwar kemeez hanging on washing lines; through the beautified streetscape funde
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