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Lecture 3

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Nicole Laliberte

Lecture 3 GGR313 A Crash Course in Urban Studies Massey: - Some places gendered as masculine, feminine (her childhood experience) - Looking at economic restructuring in England o Phases how it was done  First phase of analysis: Lots of jobs in London, no jobs in the North of the country  Restructure it; so there are more jobs in the North (where the poor people live) o Government policy: to put more jobs in Northern England  Government said decentralization succeeded  Had no gender analysis (simply numbers of how many jobs were where)  Second phase of analysis:  Weren’t considered ‘real’ jobs that they were getting o Because they were women’s jobs  Took low wages, weren’t paying as well as ‘manly’ jobs  Not as long-term, more part-time  Mining: man’s work (paid well, full-time work)  Stuck on separation of men and women  Third phase of analysis:  Gender-relations that create certain jobs as masculine/feminine, and how do they get valued as worth more or less? Urban Studies Concepts - Urban/Rural o Agricultural land vs. downtown o There is no clear distinction o The rural/urban areas are intimately connected - Urban entity o How you are going to bound A city  One city o Something that you can define as isolated o Can’t study a city by itself; urban system - Urban system o How different urban spaces are connected to each other and rural systems, following those processes to understand what urbanization is o See system networks o Relationship between cities and towns/villages surrounding/supporting them are important o Ex. commuting within an area (connecting town/city), migration (for job opportunities); start to see international connections, food systems (where it’s coming from – commodity chains, connected all over the world) o Can’t understand the city without understanding its’ connections - Urbanization o Process  Idea that cities just don’t exist as some form that won’t change  Always in the process of becoming what they are  Always moving, always changing  Process of urbanization that we are studying  Multiple processes happening at the same time  Rural to urban migration, and creation of these huge populous centers full of industry, places, people  The density - Suburbanization o Each house has a yard – therefore more personal space Lecture 3 GGR313 o Highly residential; not a lot of mixed use planning - Urban Sprawl o Completely uncontrolled urbanization o Urban growth that is just exploding o Seeing the growth of the city and it just continues o No planning, just continuous growth - Urban Containment o Idea of planning o Assumption that city will grow o Containing the growth of urban areas o Ex. through the use of a green belt o Natural growth by their very nature - Global cities o Places that have global influence o Have a lot of business centers connecting, which connect to each other o New York, Dubai o “Elitist”; values certain type of influence over others - Liveable cities  Planning a city so that it’s the most desirable city to be  Criteria? o Human-oriented and environmentally friendly o Economically viable and sustainable o Socially sound o And?  Toronto  Diverse; makes people feel accepted  Transportation; accessible, get
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