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Class Notes for Geography at University of Toronto Mississauga

GGR252H5 Lecture 1: Instructions+for+creating+graphs

find more resources at oneclass.com Creating Graphs We utilize graphs to illustrate data and to assist in analysis. By creating a graph, we limit the amount of descriptive writing and focus our writing on the ...

Geography
GGR252H5
J.Leydon
GGR227H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Soil Compaction, Soil Management, Bulk Density
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Organic and inorganic solids, liquids of various kinds and gases in intimate contact with the solid phase comprise the three-phase system that is soil. Soil management includes management of all three phases but emphasis i...

Geography
GGR227H5
Cameron Proctor
GGR227H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Evapotranspiration, Biogeochemistry
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Although peatlands only occupy approximately 2.7 of the terrestrial land surface, they represent a globally significant carbon pool because of the deep organic soil deposits that have accumulated over thousand of years. Go...

Geography
GGR227H5
Cameron Proctor
GGR227H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Wolters Kluwer, Soil Chemistry, Permafrost
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Peatlands are a subset of wetlands that have accumulated significant amounts of soil organic matter Soils of peatlands are colloquially known as peat, with mucks referring to peats that are decomposed to the point that t...

Geography
GGR227H5
Cameron Proctor
GGR227H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: United States Geological Survey, Superficial Deposits, Thermokarst
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Wetlands can be found in all regions of the world. Many factors affect the availability of water for wetland formation including climate, local weather, topography, surficial geology, soils, vegetation, and human activiti...

Geography
GGR227H5
Cameron Proctor
GGR227H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Human Impact On The Environment, Overfishing
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Assuming that the benefits of whale watching depend on the presence and abundance of populations of whales, these benefits are likely to be affected by any direct anthropogenic effects on whale populations themselves. Whal...

Geography
GGR227H5
Cameron Proctor
GGR227H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Urchin Barren, Kelp Forest, Marine Ecosystem
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Ecosystem services provided by the marine environment are fundamental to human health and well-being. Despite this, many marine systems are being degraded to an extent that may reduce their capacity to provide these ecosys...

Geography
GGR227H5
Cameron Proctor
GGR227H5 Lecture 15: 15
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Benthic species can also be an important component of the diet of fish (Link and garrison, 2002), and a decrease in their abundance can decrease fish larval survival and recruitment success (hussy et al., 1997). Declining ...

Geography
GGR227H5
Cameron Proctor
GGR227H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Shrimp Farming, Ecosystem Services, Silage
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For example, changes in land use may affect water quality at the coast, or changes in coral reefs and seagrass meadows may affect the delivery of habitat services and storm protection services of mangroves (barbier, 2009)....

Geography
GGR227H5
Cameron Proctor
GGR227H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Human Impact On The Environment, Overfishing
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Assuming that the benefits of whale watching depend on the presence and abundance of populations of whales, these benefits are likely to be affected by any direct anthropogenic effects on whale populations themselves. Whal...

Geography
GGR227H5
Cameron Proctor
GGR227H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Urchin Barren, Kelp Forest, Primary Production
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Ecosystem services provided by the marine environment are fundamental to human health and well-being. Despite this, many marine systems are being degraded to an extent that may reduce their capacity to provide these ecosys...

Geography
GGR227H5
Cameron Proctor
GGR227H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Mnemiopsis, Maerl, Food Web
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Very little evidence is available on the impacts of invasive species on provisioning services. The jellyfish mnemiopsis leidyi has, via its predation of fish larvae, been implicated in the collapse of the anchovy fishery i...

Geography
GGR227H5
Cameron Proctor
GGR227H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Silviculture, Clearcutting, Shelterwood Cutting
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Silviculture Silviculture: directing the establishment, composition, growth and quality of forest stands through a variety of activities: Includes: harvesting, reforestation, site preparation Silviculture is the scienc...

Geography
GGR227H5
Cameron Proctor
GGR227H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Understory, Clearcutting
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Land area defoliated by insects: 8.6 million ha Land area burned by fires: 4.2 million ha Land area replanted/reseeded: only 0.36 million ha Biodiversity and forestry Old growth forests have attributes that are typica...

Geography
GGR227H5
Cameron Proctor
GGR227H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Carbon Sink, Habitat Destruction, Nitrification
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- No uptake by living vegetation particularly nitrate (NO ) whi3h is easily lost from soil because its soluble/easily leached No evapotranspiration = more water loss through overland and groundwater flow to leach and ca...

Geography
GGR227H5
Cameron Proctor

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