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Lecture 11

Lecture 11 Notes.docx

5 Pages
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Department
Geography
Course Code
GGR287H5
Professor
Pierre Desrochers

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Lecture #11 - Food Security & Safety, Subsidies & Barriers
Food Security (WHO)
Providing access at all times to
Enough
Sufficient
Safe
Nutritious
Food - to allow people to maintain
Healthy
Active
Lives
Basic Facts
In the aggregate,
Enough food to feed each human more than minimum caloric intake required for survival
Case for Agri-Business & Free Trade
Only so much food because
Modern technologies
Long distance trade
Majority of malnourished people ~ Africa & South Asia
"Self-sufficient" subsistence farmers
Rural landless laborers
Dramatic increase in overall food production mandatory~:
Rapid population growth
Increased standards of living
Food Sovereignty (1996):
"People and community" have:
The "ability to sustain themselves"
The right "to define their own agricultural, labor, fishing, food and land policies"
oNo outside interference
oNo dumping food in foreign markets
Case for Food Sovereignty
Agrarian reforms & resistance to liberalization ~ :
Food more:
o"Culturally appropriate"
o"Dignified"
oRespectful of environment
o"Socially just"
Famines ~ Humans
Wars
Ethnic and religious persecutions
Price controls
Protectionism
Excessive taxation
Lack of respect of private property rights
Famines ~ Nature
Unseasonable heat of cold
Excessive or insufficient rainfall
Floods

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Description
Lecture #11 - Food Security & Safety, Subsidies & Barriers Food Security (WHO) Providing access at all times to • Enough • Sufficient • Safe • Nutritious Food - to allow people to maintain • Healthy • Active Lives Basic Facts In the aggregate, • Enough food to feed each human more than minimum caloric intake required for survival Case for Agri-Business & Free Trade Only so much food because • Modern technologies • Long distance trade Majority of malnourished people ~ Africa & SouthAsia • "Self-sufficient" subsistence farmers • Rural landless laborers Dramatic increase in overall food production mandatory~: • Rapid population growth • Increased standards of living Food Sovereignty (1996): "People and community" have: • The "ability to sustain themselves" • The right "to define their own agricultural, labor, fishing, food and land policies" o No outside interference o No dumping food in foreign markets Case for Food Sovereignty Agrarian reforms & resistance to liberalization ~ : • Food more: o "Culturally appropriate" o "Dignified" o Respectful of environment o "Socially just" Famines ~ Humans • Wars • Ethnic and religious persecutions • Price controls • Protectionism • Excessive taxation • Lack of respect of private property rights Famines ~ Nature • Unseasonable heat of cold • Excessive or insufficient rainfall • Floods • Pests (insects, rodents, & pathogens) • Soil degradation • Epidemics (farmers or beasts of burden) Famine 101 - SubsistenceAgriculture • Average food supply rarely > existential minimum (even under best conditions) • Could never produce enough food to eliminate extensive malnutrition/starvation Food Security in SubsistenceAgriculture • Multiple crops / animals (> resilience against specific problems,
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