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Lecture 5

Lecture 5.docx

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Grace Barakat

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Lecture 5 Guest Lecture: First Lecturer: Loren Vanderlinden - Vision: a healthy city for all - Mission: Toronto public health reduces health inequalities and improves the health of the whole population. This is done through: o Health assessment -> advocacy o Health promotion -> health protection - There were studies made on different environments to outline the health issues in a city. - Health outcomes: o Types of Disease studied: § Respiratory and circulatory diseases § Cancers of lung, brain and leukemias § All-causes (non-accidental) - The methods used: o Comparing neighborhoods o Matching for income level, unemployment, and education (because it is more likely for people that are of lower status to have higher risks health issues) - “Matching” neighbourhoods o 2 for The Beaches, 3 for South Riverdale § The Beaches had higher mortality and hospital admissions due to circulatory illness than its comparison communities § South Riverdale had higher rates of circulatory mortality than its comparison communities, but hospital admission rates were in the middle o Research shows that low income areas have greater pollution exposure o Pollution exposure and neighborhood socio-economic indicators may be a connection in Toronto as well. Second Lecturer: R. Macfarlane - Research that was conducted in neighborhoods: - There was 30 substances relating to the air pollution: o Common air pollutants o Toxic air substances listed in the Toronto Environmental Reporting and Disclosure Bylaw o Industrial, commercial, residential, transportation and natural sources - Overall: transportation sources are predominant, whether from Toronto, southern Ontario, or
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