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Lecture 4

HIS101H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Primary CellPremium


Department
History
Course Code
HIS101H5
Professor
Mairi Cowan
Lecture
4

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HIS101H5
TOPIC SOCIETIES AND INEQUALITY IN EURASIA
Society and state in china :
Chinese society was unique in ancient world in the extent to which it was shaped
by actions of state
For more than 2000 years these officials , bureaucrats acting in the name of
emperor both in capital and in provinces represented culture and social elite of
Chinese civilizations
Han dynasty established its authority in china around 200 BCE
An elite of officials :
System of selecting administrators evolved into the world first
professional civil service
In 124BCE Emperor winter do establishes in imperial academy where
potential officials were trained as scholars and immersed in texts dealing
with history , literature , art and mathematics emphasis on Confucian
teachings
The landlord class :
Most officials came from wealthy families and inc china wealth meant
land
When the win dynasty unified china by 210 BCE most land was held by
small scale peasant farmers
Peasants :
Vast majority of China’s population consisted of peasants , living in small
households representing two to three generations
Nature , state and landlords combined to make life of most peasants
extremely vulnerable
Famines , floods , droughts , hail and pets could wreak havoc without
warning
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