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HIS201H5 (12)
Hanssen (3)
Lecture

Lecture 3

5 Pages
119 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HIS201H5
Professor
Hanssen

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HIS201 Lecture 3
Scholarly view of the creation of Islam under Prophet Mohammad and his followers
is mainly reform. i.e. economical, social, etc...
Muslims understand it as being mainly religious
There is difficulty in finding sources dating back to Mohammads time
Authenticity is also a question that rises when analysing documents from the
previously stated era
Important to determine the self interest of the authors, historical context, possible
traces of bias, etc...
By 750, the Muslim expansion reached southern France, Afghanistan, North Africa,
etc...
When analyzing a primary document written by a Christian in Syria states that the
expansion of Islam came with a sense of peace, prosperity, and tolerance
Later Christian, mainly crusades, documents describe the Muslim expansion as a
far more violent and bloody advancement
Byzantine Setting C.600
Wide-spread poverty and rigid social hierarchy
Byzantine Christology split over Trinity and nature of Jesus into
Dyophysites: Christ had t wo natures
Sasanian Setting C.600
Wide-spread poverty and rigid and social hierarchy
Multilingual, hetero-religious society
Zoroastrianism: official religion of state
Legitimacy crisis of kingship in dynasty
Sovereignty
War of Annihilation: 610-628
Byzantine and Sasanian empires militarily exhausted
www.notesolution.com
Infrastructure in tatters
Popular disaffection
Arabian society at Muhammads time
Polytheistic religions (esp. Astral deities)
Growing presence of monotheisms
Traditions of active prophecy
Kinship law of protection and alliance
Including Jewish tribes (esp. Yathrib /Medina)
Muhammads Biography
Born in Mecca in 571
Married to wealthy widow c. 596
Remarkable diplomat
Displayed growing dissatisfaction with Mecca Society, intense meditation
Received first revelations from God around 610 and started preaching
Gods Message
The oneness of God, the reality of the last judgement, and the need for pious
behaviour
Supported by K, AB, Ali, Uthman and a growing number of disaffected Meccans
Most of the Quraysh felt threatened
622 Muhammad emigrates to Yathrib /Medina safety first year of Hijra
Community of Believers
Divided into: emigrants and helpers
Opposed by Medinas
Occupation of Mecca, 630
Bloodless coup watershed in Muhammads political career
www.notesolution.com

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Description
HIS201 Lecture 3 Scholarly view of the creation of Islam under Prophet Mohammad and his followers is mainly reform. i.e. economical, social, etc... Muslims understand it as being mainly religious There is difficulty in finding sources dating back to Mohammads time Authenticity is also a question that rises when analysing documents from the previously stated era Important to determine the self interest of the authors, historical context, possible traces of bias, etc... By 750, the Muslim expansion reached southern France, Afghanistan, North Africa, etc... When analyzing a primary document written by a Christian in Syria states that the expansion of Islam came with a sense of peace, prosperity, and tolerance Later Christian, mainly crusades, documents describe the Muslim expansion as a far more violent and bloody advancement Byzantine Setting C.600 Wide-spread poverty and rigid social hierarchy Byzantine Christology split over Trinity and nature of Jesus into Dyophysites: Christ had t wo natures Sasanian Setting C.600 Wide-spread poverty and rigid and social hierarchy Multilingual, hetero-religious society Zoroastrianism: official religion of state Legitimacy crisis of kingship in dynasty Sovereignty War of Annihilation: 610-628 Byzantine and Sasanian empires militarily exhausted www.notesolution.com
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