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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 Notes


Department
History
Course Code
HIS261H5
Professor
Richard White
Lecture
4

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Lecture 4
Aboriginal territory recognized by British needed protection => followed 11 years later by Quebec
Act
Old colonies from the Atlantic didn't like the creation of Quebec and Aboriginal territory b/c they
wanted to stand in Appalachian territory and look over Ohio
it allowed Roman Catholics and Aboriginals to control the interior -> one of the things
that provoked American Revolution (2 years later) = 6/7 years of war
1783 colonists won that war and their independence was formally recognized and became
United States
only British territory now is what used to be the French colonies => 2 of these: Nova
Scotia and
New term comes to use: British North America => part of N.A that was still British
over the years had more meaning
Fair number of people in Colonies didn't want to separate w/ Britain
American society divided
"Rebels" knew their neighbors didn't favor revolution
when war done, some had even fought alongside British
many felt insecure; people were assaulted and ridiculed for not wanting to be part of
rebellion, houses etc. burned so they moved
British told colonists that if they stayed loyal and took their side, they promised land to
those who took their side
closest territory was BNA and tens of thousands of Loyalists moved
looking back and tracking loyalists, there were a huge range (some farmers, shoe makers
etc.) and not all were British
some probably weren't even loyalists, some served British so when war broke out,
they just took their side
not many rich loyalists; mostly middle class
among diversity, there were 3000 black; most of which were slaves who were promised
freedom (?) if they took British side
French living in territory and when British formed Halifax (1769(?)) and migrated there
migration of loyalists = population increase
Mainland of N.B logging industry boomed
In N.S. -> very successful shipping industry (owning ships and exp. Imp. Goods to and from
Britain)
Tried to follow system same as French by giving land to noblemen, aristocrats, businessmen
(1763)
became political grievance
P.E.I getting populated
Atlantic areas entered area of prosperity in 19th century after American Revelation
British market that NB sold to and British Empire NS shipped to = Britain oriented
Some loyalists from New York migrated to Quebec or a bit more north -> were farmers
Few of them settled in Eastern Townships (eastern place near city of Montreal)
Called ET b/c not organized by French Seigniorial system but British system
attracted migrants b/c they didn't want to live based on seigniorial system (they were
American and had lived under private country)
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