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Lecture 5

HIS261H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Fort Garry Hotel, North West Company, Lower Canada

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Richard White

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HIS261 LECTURE 5 February 4th, 2013
Recap: BNA c. 1830
- Pacific coast
- Three concluding points
- Dominant colony
- Upper Canada: pioneer society
- Lower Canada: growth and change
- Rebellions of 1837
- Durham report
United Canada
- Responsible government
- Continuing growth
- New values
Test choose 3 out of the 4.
- taken quotes from the textbook explain them
- British North America modern day Canada
o Left over from what Americans’ didn’t want in 1783 – after American
o This territory taking shape is British
o Increasing number of them were Irish and Scottish
o Most settlers who came were farming, growing season was short but
it was still viable if not prosperous
o Fishing in newfoundland
o Lumbar industry in Atlantic colonies fed the ship building industry
in new Brunswick in 20s, 30s, 40s
o Ship also used to carry logs as exports dual purpose, so a industry
of their own and also a transport industry which also began to
o Nova scotia became a successful shipping colony had good ships
and carried goods all around the world form British empire also well
known for this speed multiple sales that could travel very fast very
famous known as blue knows iconic image still there
reconstructed in the 1920s, 1930s.
o Political boundaries St. Johns Island (prince Edward island)
formerly changed now. Cape island part of Nova Scotia. Boundary
with united states separating new Brunswick
o Early 19the century colonies well established and distinguished
- Images from book: Logging in northern New Brunswick.
- Most largest and populous colony was CANADA
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o English Canada had been hatched rapid influx of American settlers,
war of 1812 confirmed boundary between them.
o Lower Canada heart of Canada headquarters of Canada, growing
prosperous place, agriculture, commercial, logging, and lots of
population. Immigration coming to both lower and upper.
Québec was the major portal arrival for immigrants since
Cartier’s time – major sea port
Population growth did not go into sensorial land, instead
went to eastern townships and elsewhere
o Ruperts land (Hudson bay, fur trading company) boundary used to
be open to north west company now its differ not really ruperts
o Fur trade went further north and west (not south as of American
o Most ports were
o Settlement beginning in present day Winnipeg (siniboin and red
river)- competing settlement beginning there both metis
o Fort Garry hotel
o The ambulation furs did not go out through Montréal any more as
they went out through the bay
o Pacific coast
Explored by Spanish, Russians fur traders travelled through
Late 18th century until anything formal occurred captain
james cute took regue in one of these island nute casound
(inland) in 1779 encountered native people just like cartier
did 100 years ago but obviously they knew of indigenous
people- but the interaction was the same
Captain Vancouver chartered the area closely in 1790s and
claimed it
Penetrated by both American and Canadian traders in 1790s
montreal fur trade company is still on both of them are
accessing the area
1803 acquired it (louisana purchase) and then began to
explore it
several interests converging on this territory by 1800s
British through the sea
Canadians (who were basically British) and American’s jointly
occupied it
1818 territory = 49th parallel confirmed between canada and
usa (the prairies) but the mountains were not marked so they
decided to joint occupancy
1846 this ended
americans on the Columbia river while British on the Hudson
bay company (no longer connected to montreal) built a new
post on Vancouver island on 1843 called victoria so cleared
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