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Lecture 13

HIS263Y5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Factory Acts, The Good, The Bad And The Ugly, United Mine Workers

Course Code
Brian Gettler

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- Article review
- 3 pages max
- Secondary Source
- Place word count at end of review
- 2 copies: turnitin!!!!! and hard copy to T.A.
- Due: Thursday Feb.11th 2016
- Summarize the arguments, critique
- Chicago style citations
- Choose one article out of the +ve provided
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- Economics focused on growth
- GNP measures a countries overall economic performance
- Railways dominated growth
- TWO major urban centers: Toronto & Montreal
- Economic growth was not a steady process
Protective Tari7s
- Transcontinental Railways
- Sponsored Immigration (will be covered next week)
- National policy linked markets, encouraged industry growth (developed
industries that wouldn’t otherwise go nationally)
- Modelled its policy after the U.S.
- Because of policy, capitalist investment increased (good idea)
- Under policy Canadian entrepreneurs produced products in Canada
- Laid foundation for branch economy growth
- Policy didn’t protect Canada from foreign countries (U.S. and Great
Britain); didn’t protect Canadians from national economic trends
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- Rail: 55,000km of track; allowed for daily mail/post delivery, decreased
travel costs
- Allowed for Canada to open up on a national level,
import/export/transport of various goods nationally
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- Aviation: J.A.D. McCurdy and F.W. Baldwin – Aerial Experiment
Association, Cape Breton
- Communication: Alexander Graham Bell (Telephone call from Paris,
Ontario to Brantford, Ontario), Guglielmo Marconi (Wireless phone call)
- Time: Stanford Flemming (Clocks were previously on a sun dial which
caused problems in the railway in terms of arrivals and departures,
etc.; introduced the current time “system”)
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- 1st expansion of industry via production of goods, such as clothing
- During +st two decades, expansion was at an all time high which lead
to population and economic growth
- Demand for public buldings
- Emergence of steel and iron
- Increase in manufacturing
- Region-space; clear geographical structure
- Maritimes and West could not match Central Canada in terms of
manufacturing and industrialization
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- Farming becomes more mechanized; farms became larger
A7ected by better systems of transportation
Region- Speci+c:
oOntario; faster than Quebec in terms on farming due to
Quebec’s seigneurial system, language barriers, culture
(religion; Catholicism in Quebec)
oQuebec: butter and cheese
oMaritimes: PEI: potatoes; took advantage to grow
farming regionally; Nova Scotia: apples; everything for
the British Market
oPrairies; production of wheat; Golden Age for the
production of wheat; 42% of total Canadian export;
rising world prices and lower transportation costs; dairy
farming began in Manitoba
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Fishing Industry
- Salting, drying, pickling  canning, cold storage emerged
- Fish would be canned and therefore have a longer “time to eat period”
Forest Industry
- Shift from East to West
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