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Lecture

HIS330H5 Lecture Notes - Tyrant, Far-Left Politics, Ruffles


Department
History
Course Code
HIS330H5
Professor
Petrakos

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Plan of San Luis Potosi
Section 1: Terms, Short Answer Part of Exam, options. Long Answer.
Plan of San Luis Potosi:
Growth of Hensientes: control most of the resources large plantations, control all of the land.
Portfolio Diaz regime, the growing & widing gap between the rich and the poor. By in large the
Diaz: greater polarization in wealth, a lot of people who own a whole lot of resources & those
who don’t own all that much. Central reasons for discontent at the end of Diaz regime, not really
democratic, been in power for 30 years. Scientific principles to government, they come with
these assumptions of society. The military needs to consolidate his power, like a tyrant,
restructures the military to make it more loyal to him. Discontentant at the end of his regime,
general discontent at the working class @ the end of his regime. What triggers the Mexican
Revolution that triggers the Revolution:
Supports labor unions, embracing social revolutions,
Madero is a poor politician, he alienates his supporters, particularly some of those that got him
elected in 1911. His vision of this revolution is a moderate one, when the revolutions start, they
want moderate reforms. What we see, is coming to the fort, the part of
Counter revolution; period of radicalism, a rise of a strong man, for moderate reforms. The next
phase is calling for political change, than
Plan of San
He never even mentions of getting rid of the scientificos or reducing the role of the military,
domestic life. Hes vague on the reforms hes going to make. Hes making vague promises; were
going to get rid of diaz, have good reforms hes talking about reforming the political system. He
says he is idealistic sympathy for workers; he doesn’t tell anyone what hes going to do,
revolution ra ra doesn’t get into specifics. When we talk about the Mexican revolution, we need
to keep in mind, Mexican revolution is complicated, lots of actors, battles. Revolution is starting
in the north of mexico, and historian point to the state of Chihuahua, the bed rock of the
revolution, why more discontent? Land distribution; handful of people that own vast majority
of the land. Guy who owns 10,000 miles in mexico are living in Chihuahua, few people own
everything and everyone else own nothing. Lots of labor unrest and land problems. Some of the
most visible symbols of repression under Diaz were there in Chihuahu how the government gives
the stick. No one like tarras-ez, and those people who own everything and everyone else owns
nothing. Its these sort of issues that are coming to the front during the Mexican revolution.

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Revolution starts in North of Mexico, historians point to state of Ciudad Juarez May 10th 1910.
Pascual Orozco. “Battle of Ciudad”.
Pascual Orozco one of the first revolutionary leaders in the north of Mexico. Big supporter of
Madero, he was head of the mual train on Tarres-ez ranch, so he works on one of tarrez lands, he
hates him. He saw how he treated his workers, and he wants to do something about it. one of the
assitances (taresses assistance) is Poncho Villa.
Pancho Villa 1878-1923.
Historians not sure what to make of Poncho Villa, would tell stories and every time he told a
story, the story would change. Shadowy figure working with Pascual Orozco on the muel train,
he makes up his own history, where are you from what is your mothers name, why would
someone make up their own history, born in Derango.
He is this legendary figure, why he is making up new stories big figure during the revolution.
Born in Derango, works as a bandit, got around in Northern Mexico and worked odd jobs, when
we think of him we can think of him as man of the people, he knows how to ride a horse, and
knows how to shoot. Comes from the poor. Social aspect of revolution gets start in chuwawa,
people are discontent, orozco and villa are like robinhood figures, taking from the rich and
giving to the poor. Not much fighting in the first big, Discontent, taking from the rich giving
from the poor, first battle of
Ciudad Juarez. May 10, 1910
Border town with the USA, why does it start there?
They want the attention of the USA. first major battles on the borders. the revolutionaries want
attention of the USA, the revolutionaries want the USA to fund them; give them ammunition,
guns etc. Americans hate Diaz, he had be giving lucrative trading deals to the British, rather than
Americans, hate Diaz. Ready to see a new regime in Mexico. Ciudad Juarez the official entry
into the United States, significant trading post
In fact the battle is going on, El Paso is directly across from it. Diaz resigns in 1910 and Madero
comes in power, May 10, 1910 battle is being fought, and the revolutionaries won and got the
attention of the USA. So USA fund them and to overthrow Diaz. Which way does the wind
blow? Where is the power? Whos powerful in mexico?
The land owners are powerful in Mexico, whose powerful? No one really knows! Diaz had been
in power for so long, no one knows whos powerful right now. Diaz was in power for so long,
now you have this untested president in power. Who really does have power @ this point?
Madero is going to alienate people. 1911, come to power, here u have this leader Diaz in power
for so long, now you have this untested president, who does have power at this point. Madero is
not the best politicans, where there are all these new revolutionary occurance, the people wanting
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to demand social change, Madero is going to say im a moderate I don’t want the radical
revolution and change that they will be demanding in the north of mexico. Hes liberal but hes a
social conservative, hes rich comes from family who owns a lot of land & a lot of money.
Madero He doesn’t want to change the status quo, he comes in the power in the context of this
political firmit, and he comes to power and he says he is relativity saying he is a social
conservative & uncomfortable with orozco and villa having a say in what this new government
will look for. There hope was They wanted to get rid of Diaz, when Madero gets into power he
will change his views and incorporate these radical social agenda, which isn’t going to happen its
going to undermine his power base.
1911 he’s rich, not concerned with the very poor. He doesn’t want to change Mexican societ but
create some reform in the political system, not calling for anything radical but More or less a
moderate, wants a wider franchise.
Wants to give the vote to people who have traditionally not had a vote. Not paritculalry radical
about this, his big thing is He wants to bring democracy to mexico, political reforms not social
reforms <distinction.
Madero presidency, things don’t change as much, vast majority of people would like. How do
revolutionaries like orozco and villa, feel about his conservative political plan:
these guys are men of action, they want change now, these guys want a they want to have a voice
in government. orozco and villa, Want positions inside the government. So after the battle of
Ciudad Juarez, orozco and villa Say they want to part of his inner circle and par of government
that is making decisions.
Madero social revolution? he doesn’t want it, he don’t want anything to do with this or orozco
and villa. His parents own everything, how do you think he feels having a mual train driver in his
circle or seat of government? He doesn’t want anything to do with them. Orozco and villa are
like why is he ignoring, they make it all the way to Mexico City to discuss the revolutionary
settlements. Madero tells them he him he doesn’t want anything to do with him. No thanks time
to leave, what do they do? They go back to chuwawa and set up a revolution in the north.
Revolution in South: Emiliano Zapata: 1879-1919.
Stiring up trouble here. Morelos, South of Mexico city, different from Chuwawa, heavy Indian
area, Zapata revolution in south, the Mexican state is different. Morelos much more indian than
any place in mexico, different jungle. When you think of Indians they hadIndians who had
recently been dispossessed, land taken from them, this is where Zapata is from.
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