Dominance of political history; social historians believed that they were doing history from the bottom up. Social history focuses on those who weren"t in power. Race, age, class, gender; how they have agency and make their own agency in structures of power. Understanding the complex ways of global structures of power and privileges. In historical studies, race has not be bounded by its cultural context false! Race is mythical, its a social construct and can determine material conditions. Class sometimes becomes ideological in a sense where we understand the poor in certain ways (e. x. The poor are pathological) this has to do with racism and oppression. Race is real in the usa is because it conflates with class because it can determine particular outcomes for people. Contested relations of power of which people identify themselves with. We must examine how this ideology functions within time and space; ideologies are contradictory.