Btwn Europe, Africa, Asia
We study it b/c:
o Brought in much wider cultural influences
o “cradle of Western civilization”
Classics- focuses on Mediterranean
Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans
Phoenicia: name of a color. Name comes from the Greeks. East coast of Med.
o Urban culture, lots of trade- dye, timber (cedar)
o Exports were very valuable.
o City of Carthage- founded 814 BCE by queen Dido
o Alphabet: designated one letter for one sound
English comes fstm Phoenicians
o Olives: 4000-3000 BCE 1 cultivation (before Pho.)
o Pho. spread the cultivation of olives
o Grapes: viticulture (growing grapes) – 6000 BCE in Med.
o Hellenic period
From arrival to conquest of Alexander the Great
o Hellenistic period
from A.T.G. to roman conquest
ATG premature death brought chaos
Had a rising middle class