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Lecture 8

HIS101 Lecture 8.docx

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Mairi Cowan

November 1, 2012 History: Lecture 8 Why the Mediterranean? Classics - Centered around Mediterranean - Classics: - Separate studies to study classics The Mediterranean is important today because we feel we have cultural heritage in the Mediterranean. Much of our cultures descends from Greece and Rome Much of our culture, hoewever, doesn’t come from Greece and Rome. Paper comes from China, coffee comes from Many things in our culture is based on images and ideas of Greece and Rome Cultural Heritage - Many US buildings echo Roman culture - Fo example: Jefferson Building, - Democracy - Tyranny - Oligarchy - Politics - Teachers use Socratic method - Sharing thoughts in a symposium - A journey in academy or not = odyssey - Many deeper levels of though come from Mediterranean Historical Geography - The historical - A body of water didn’t separate people, it joined them - The ancient world believed people shared a cultural unity. - The ancient period of the Mediterranean history Phoenicians - The best traders - Helped connect ancient cultures with one another - First appeared in the Levant during Bronze Age - Part of large group called the Canaanites - Never a unified political group: had connections but not solid political unit - Inhabited a small part of land: bordered on one side by Mediterranean and - They were very open to other cultural influences: seen in a lot of their surviving art - When various other empires were weakening, the Phoenicians were able to grow - They owned the trading system November 1, 2012 - They were ethnically mixed - Skilled at making furniture - Clear Egyptian influence in Phoenician gold things - They were well known for timber (cedar of Lebanon)  They built King Solomon’s house - They were also well known for purple dye  Murex shells: Phoenicians extracted purple dye from these shells  About 10,000 shells produced 1 gram of dye  Greatly in demand because colo was more intense than any other color in ancient world  It never faded or ran  Phoenician: came from Greek word Phoinikes (purple) - However, Phoenicians contributed greatly to the creation of the alphabet  “Bible” from “biblion” (“book” in Greek) from Byblos, a Greek word for papyrus  Greeks associated P
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