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Lecture 10

HIS101 Lecture 10.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Mairi Cowan

November 15, 2012 History: Lecture 10 Europe An intriguing source; Papal letter from Nicolas Fasting and abstinence in medieval Europe Protestant Reformation and social discipline Editing for content and style: transitions Pope Nicholas V (1447-1455) - Highest spiritual authority on earth - Pope’s were claiming they were the most spiritual and powerful authority - Bishop of Rome was seen as successor to St. Peter - Pope meddled in the state, claimed spiritual authority - Not born pope, was born as Tommaso Parentucelli, in Sarzana, northern Italy, 1397 - University of Bologna - Florence - Arranged Greek and Latin texts into - Collected many manuscripts ( fro “manu scriptum”, written by hand) - Chapel of Nicholas V, Vatican - He enjoyed patroning and collecting manuscripts James II, King of Scots (1430-1460) - Inherited his position by being born form a king - King James I and Joan Beaufort - Ascended around 6 years old - His father was murdered by a group of Scottish aristocrats - Good guardians who trained him - Consolidated power by limiting power of nobles - Participated in battle campaigns - Interested in artillery and hunting - Death happened while he was beseeching a castle and a cannon blew up and mortally wounded him - Mons Meg, given 1457 (cannon given by wife’s uncle) Medievalism: study of the response to the medieval period after it has taken place Papal Letter - Originally written in Latin; Scots (a northern frm of English); Gaelic - All university lectures delivered in Latin - Latin united  No matter where you went to university, you can also go to another university and study there. November 15, 2012 - Scots and Gaelic were the two main spoken languages and Latin was the main written one - Christianity  Foreign to Europeans - Scotland  Diet depended on food availability  Extremely damp in highlands of Scotland  Scotland is very proximal to sources of water  Near to England lakes called lockes and rivers th  In 15 century Scotland people ate a lot of oats  Porridge, cakes  Fruits, etc.  Scots ate more protein than other peoples because it was a good country to raise livestock and hunt and fish  Scotland did no have a lot of access to olive oil  Milk is seasonal, you wouldn’t get it after winter: only get it after cows get pregnant and have calves Fasting and
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