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Lecture 3

HIS101 Lecture 3 - September 27, 2012
HIS101 Lecture 3 - September 27, 2012

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School
University of Toronto Mississauga
Department
History
Course
HIS101H5
Professor
Mairi Cowan
Semester
Fall

Description
History 101: North America; Finding Sources North American Amerind culture area where Mississauga resides in is Eastern Woodlands Nomenclature First Nations, Métis, Inuit The English in North America  Abraham Ortelius, Antwerp, 1570  Confident that they would be able to go across north continent  Europeans hoped they would be able to find Asia  Martin Frobisher  3 ships: Only 1 ship survived (carried 18 men)  First voyage in 1576  Five sailors disappeared  Frobisher suspected treachery on part of the Inuit  Frobisher lured an Inuit man to ship and captured him and tried to bring him to England  Inuit man died on ship  Brought rocks, flowers, green grass, black stone (metal or mineral)  Experts in London thought the black stone was gold.  Second voyage: went back and got more “gold” stones and captured Inuit people.  Over 1000 tons of black stone  Goal was to settle a colony  Another goal was to get tons of “gold” stone which turned out to be USELESS  Black earth in manor for Henry VIII  Not very successful voyage  A decade later they tried again.  Roanoke Island (1585-1590): Successful voyage brought several hundred people  John White went back to England to get supplies but could not come back b/c of war between England and Spain  Came back 3 years later in 1590  All the people had disappeared  “Croatoan” was the only clue  Became the Lost Colony of Roanoke  Port Royal, 1605 (Acadia)  Quebec, 1608  Jamestown: Finally successful! (Eventually became US)  Powhatan helped them  Leader: P
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