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Lecture 9

HIS101 Lecture 9 - November 8

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Mairi Cowan

History: Lecture 9 Africa Africa as a Unit of Historical Study - Africa is the birthplace of a wide variety of human societies - Human languages: vast array are spoken - How many languages?- Very difficult and contested so there is no agreed upon (Around 1500) - Large genetic profile - Modern Africa is very diverse - Not a lot was written by historians about Africa - Africa has a longer history than anywhere else - Many people believe that Africa has the shortest history in the world - Many populations in Africa have been illiterate - Africa does have plenty of written sources Ethiopia - Earliest artifacts found in Ethiopia: therefore has a very long history - Many different kinds of terrains - Lowlands: home to pasterers - Forest by hunters - Costal Plains inhabited by fishers - Highlands are one of the places in the world where there is an agricultural revolution: mullet and - Well located to interact with other civilizations - Why doesn‟t Ethiopia include pork in menu?  Orthodox Church says it shouldn‟t eat pork - Scholars are uncertain when it really reached Africa - Three disciples of Jesus or a group went to Judea or a pair of brothers impressed the Ethiopian king who converted and these are the theories as to how Christianity spread in Ethiopia - Ethiopia was connected to the Hellenistic worldthf commerce - Christianity was official state religion by 4 century - 9 famous Christian celebrities  Founded a type of monastery - Ethiopia famous for monolithic churches (carved from one piece of stone)  Most famous was the Church of St. George: It was excavated.  Largest: Beta Medhane Alem - Christianity may have arrived form a distant land but it has its own characteristics - Can be seen in some Ethiopian characteristics of Christianity - The Sabbath Day of Saturday is equally Holy as Sunday - The dietary prescriptions of Jewish law is still obeyed (No pork!) - The Queen of Sheba visits Solomon, Ethiopian, 15 centuryth  Solomon was a Hebrew king who built a magnificent temple out of the cedars of Lebanon  One of the roles of Solomon was to protect the Ark of the Covenant  Those carrying the Ark were granted special rights  The Ark is really important to Christians - Queen Sheba  Ethiopian queen perhaps?  In the Kebre Negast (14 century text)  “The Glory of the Kings”  Queen Sheba bore a son after she left named Menilek  Menilek decided to visit Solomon  Solomon wanted him to stay, but Menilek wanted to go back  Solomon had his courtiers bring back Menilek  But his courtiers were nervous so they brought the Ark with them without telling Solomon and historians now believe that is where
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