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Lecture 7

HIS241 Lecture 7 - October 22, 2013

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October 22, 2013 Lecture 7 Revolutions of 1848 - Period of nationalism, liberalism, conservatism - Vying for power st  Especially is 1 half - Louis Philippe begins to act like a tyrant  Really only supports wealthy people  Even restricts vote to smaller percentage of French  Tells people if they’re poor, it’s basically their fault  Mantra: “Enrich yourselves”  Opposition starts to develop, it develops around all sectors of society  Socialists, working class, middle class, liberals, proletariats, etc.  Rare time in which everyone comes together  February 22, 1848: Political banquet by socialists and liberals  LP bans banquet  They rebel in response  They create a new provisional government  Louis Philippe abdicates  New provisional government by Liberals and Socialists  Liberals: middle class,  Socialists: lower class  Problems with provisional government because of opposing views  Divisions along class lines  Agree on a few things o Universal manhood suffrage o Abolish slavery in French colonies o They embark on national workshops  Famine happening  1840s, Europeans having trouble feeding themselves  Not enough work to go around  State-sponsored workshops in aim to give 100,000s of Frenchmen jobs  However, they can only scrape up 10,000  June 1848, provisional government abolishes workshops o People rise up, barricades go up o 3,000 people killed  Government decides to hold elections  Louis Napoleon (Nap’s nephew) in 1852 is elected  Becomes an emperor  Opposition of Louis Philippe o A whole spectrum of ideologies being mixed together o Once in power, liberals and socialists start to argue, they can’t agree on a thing for France o Public order requires a strong leader October 22, 2013 o The revolution doesn’t stay in France, it spreads Austrian/Hungarian Empire, Multi-national Empire - Multi-national/multi-ethnic empire - Ruled by Hapsburgs - Inside national empire, there’s a lot of different ethnicities - Around 1800, as a result of the French revolution, Hungarian nobles embark on a long journey towards 1) political independence and 2) social reform  Political independence and social reform contradict each toher - Nobles only care for themselves - King Joseph II is an Enlightened, liberal ruler  Undermines traditional liberties of elite, abolishes serfdom  Therefore, undermines power of nobles  Allows for free migration of peasants  Peasants can have their choice in marriage  Abolishes exemptions of the nobles from the law
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